Definition of Sabine in English:


Pronunciation /səˈbēn/ /səˈbin/ /ˈsāˌbīn/ /ˈseɪˌbaɪn/


  • Relating to or denoting an ancient Oscan-speaking people of the central Apennines in Italy, northeast of Rome, who feature in early Roman legends and were incorporated into the Roman state in 290 BC.

    ‘Titus Flavius Vespasianus was born in ad 9 at Reate in Sabine country.’
    • ‘A novus homo (roughly, the first man in his family to become a senator and/or consul), he was born at Tusculum, but spent much of his childhood in the Sabine country, where his family owned land.’
    • ‘He, no less than Romulus, seemed to have been provided for them by divine guidance; indeed, men who know Sabine history best declare that he was born on the same day that Rome was founded.’
    • ‘After the death of Romulus, Numa, a Sabine leader, became king of Rome.’


  • A member of the Sabines.

    ‘The city of Rome gradually gained power from the time of the Tarquins, subduing the Etruscans, Sabines, Samnites, and Greek settlers, and by the mid-3rd century BC, controlled Italy.’
    • ‘‘Hersilia and the Sabine Women: Piece Making,’ for example, examines cassone panels depicting the conflict between the Romans and the Sabines.’
    • ‘With this new strength, the Romans defeated the Sabines, and began to recover their confidence after their late humiliation.’
    • ‘When the Sabines later attacked Rome, the women ran onto the battlefield and secured peace between their fathers and husbands.’


From Latin Sabinus.