Definition of schist in English:

schist

noun

mass nounGeology
  • A coarse-grained metamorphic rock which consists of layers of different minerals and can be split into thin irregular plates.

    • ‘Glaciers have deposited shale, slate, schist, and limestone throughout the region.’
    • ‘The three mountainous areas consist of large cores of igneous rocks (granites and basalts) surrounded by larger areas of metamorphic rocks, mostly schists and gneiss.’
    • ‘It includes a variety of rocks, such as basalt, granite, gneiss, quartzite, slate, and schist.’
    • ‘In all these occurrences, the deposits show a flyschoid and turbiditic character and include metamorphic pebbles of soft rocks, such as slates and schists, as well as plant debris.’
    • ‘Stone vases (bowls, collared jars, and pyxides) were carved, using bronze tools and abrasives, from chlorite schist and marble.’

Origin

Late 18th century from French schiste, via Latin from Greek skhistos ‘split’, from the base of skhizein ‘cleave’.

Pronunciation

schist

/ʃɪst/