A poisonous plant alkaloid used as an antiemetic in motion sickness, as a preoperative medication for examination of the eye, and formerly as a sedative and hypnotic.
Chemical formula: C₁₇H₂₁NO₄. It is obtained chiefly from plants of the genus Scopolia, family Solanaceae
- ‘What do aspirin, codeine, ipecac, reserpine, scopolamine, theophylline, and vinblastine have in common?’
- ‘Causative medications are droperidol, diphenhydramine, meperidine, promethazine, atropine, and scopolamine.’
- ‘In all preceding studies, alkaloid production was measured as scopolamine and hyoscyamine only.’
- ‘Further searches revealed a paper confirming the presence of scopolamine in this plant.’
- ‘Several studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of glycopyrrolate and scopolamine in the treatment of sialorrhea.’
Late 19th century from Scopolia(genus name of the plants yielding it) + amine.