Definition of seven in English:

seven

Pronunciation /ˈsevən/ /ˈsɛvən/

cardinal number

  • 1

    (also vii, VII)
    Equivalent to the sum of three and four; one more than six, or three less than ten; 7.

    ‘two sevens are fourteen’
    ‘the remaining seven were sentenced to terms of imprisonment’
    • ‘Of the seven remaining, four have criminal records and three were convicted of the St-Laurent bar attack.’
    • ‘His sentence of seven years represents four days and eight hours for each of his crimes.’
    • ‘The new supernovas were found in galaxies ranging from four to seven billion light years away.’
    • ‘Four teams of seven players took part from all sections of the hospital.’
    • ‘That is equivalent to seven times the value of all known oil reserves in the country and 31 times the value of foreign direct investment.’
    • ‘Internally, four of the seven floors of office space will be brought up to standard, with plans to extend the work if it is successfully leased.’
    • ‘They also have four grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren.’
    • ‘The Peak has recently reduced its paid staff from seven to four and editors have faced pay cuts along with rising workloads.’
    • ‘What we know is that the test results will be back in four to seven days.’
    • ‘Also contributing off the bench was Andrew Coatsworth, who provided seven points and four rebounds.’
    • ‘From Surbiton there are four stopping trains and seven non-stops.’
    • ‘Whether it involves three, four or seven people, this variation on the traditional duo is of the same variety.’
    • ‘India are likely to go into the match with seven specialist batsmen and four bowlers against strong Sri Lankans.’
    • ‘Born near Shrule in 1915, Peg Carroll was one of a family of seven with four brothers and two sisters.’
    • ‘The jury of seven men and four women was sent home for the night yesterday after three hours considering the case without reaching a verdict.’
    • ‘It is expected to take four auctioneers seven hours to sell off 1,000 lots to people bidding via the web, by phone and in person.’
    • ‘Bridge won by four wickets with seven balls to spare as they successfully chased a total of 166 for 8.’
    • ‘Ronaldo has been World Player of the Year four times in seven years.’
    • ‘It gained seats in four of the seven electoral areas but, crucially, lost seats in two other areas.’
    • ‘Eleven new static cameras will be installed in Sheffield, with seven for Rotherham and four in Doncaster.’
    1. 1.1A group or unit of seven people or things.
      ‘animals were offered for sacrifice in sevens’
      septet, septuplets
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2Seven years old.
      ‘my mother died when I was seven’
      • ‘I think I started at the age of seven, encouraged by my talented father.’
      • ‘He was put in residential school at the age of seven and escaped several times, each time getting sent to a school further from home.’
      • ‘Since the age of seven, he has sung in public, both here and abroad.’
      • ‘The youngsters aged seven to 11 also took part in singing, and performed in front of their parents and teachers yesterday.’
      • ‘I have the same issue with children under the age of seven.’
      • ‘Laura started dancing at the age of seven at Sara Packham's dance classes, in Oxenhope, and said her love for it had continued to grow.’
      • ‘At these private schools, for example, pupils at the age of seven or eight are taught how to speak in public on the merits of Roald Dahl novels.’
      • ‘Indeed, the singer has come a long way from the time he got his first ‘award’ at the age of seven.’
      • ‘The course will cater for children aged between seven and eleven years.’
      • ‘Aimed at children aged seven and up as well as adults, it consists of 26 black-and-white numbered tiles.’
      • ‘She has been winning diving trophies since the age of seven and has still managed to achieve excellent results in her examinations.’
      • ‘His wife and three sons aged seven, nine and 13 moved in August, and he now speaks very highly of the Scottish capital.’
      • ‘A boy aged 13 suffered a broken thumb while girls aged 10 and seven suffered bruising and grazes.’
      • ‘The production requires several local actors and, crucially, twins aged between seven and 10.’
      • ‘From the age of seven he enjoyed great popularity performing with major orchestras and top conductors.’
      • ‘He got his first musical instrument, a whistle, at the age of seven from his neighbour Bernie Marren.’
      • ‘More than 25 children aged between seven and 24 have been working hard for months to produce the show.’
      • ‘Girls between the age of seven and 26 lie on a mat in front of the woman doing the test, which only takes a few seconds.’
      • ‘He also leaves behind two children, Cosima, seven and Bruno, four.’
      • ‘As part of the celebrations all the children, aged between four and seven, were dressed up as cowboys and cowgirls.’
    3. 1.3Seven o'clock.
      ‘the meeting doesn't finish until seven’
      • ‘The training starts sometimes at seven in the morning and does not finish up until seven at night.’
      • ‘I turned up about half eleven and stayed until quarter to seven that night, and left others still playing.’
      • ‘You are not working from seven in the morning until seven at night.’
      • ‘He spent three days working from seven in the morning until eleven at night on his masterpiece.’
      • ‘There's simply not enough time in the week to visit everyone, and most of my days are booked from seven in the morning until eleven at night.’
      • ‘They had no food or water and sat there from seven in the morning until six at night.’
      • ‘I didn't leave the ground until seven that evening with all the people.’
      • ‘Music often goes all night from nine in the evening to seven the next morning.’
      • ‘It wasn't until about seven in the evening when everyone who went to the auction got home.’
      • ‘Her parents were already at work and they usually didn't come back until seven or eight at night.’
      • ‘If it's a quarter past seven on the morning of November 3rd, then I've been single for exactly four years.’
      • ‘The hostel had the usual practice of opening doors at seven in the morning and locking them at ten at night.’
      • ‘At about quarter to seven that night, my phone rang, and I was quick to pick it up.’
    4. 1.4A size of garment or other merchandise denoted by seven.
    5. 1.5A playing card with seven pips.
      • ‘If the face-up trump is an ace, three or picture card it can be exchanged for the trump seven.’
      • ‘However, melds of sevens and aces are subject to some special rules and restrictions.’
      • ‘If the seven of the trump suit is led it wins.’
      • ‘If after completing your canasta of sevens you draw another one you must hold onto it, and it will prevent you from going out, even if you have met all the other requirements.’
      • ‘From high to low, these are the ace of swords, the ace of batons, the seven of swords and the seven of coins.’
      • ‘If only three are playing, remove the sevens and eights from the deck before dealing.’
      • ‘The special powers of all cards except sevens and eights are nullified during this period, as is the possibility of discarding a series.’
      • ‘The winner of the trick leads to the next trick, by first playing any sevens he has and claiming them as tricks and then leading a playable card.’
      • ‘Nines, eights and sevens are neutral - they carry no penalty and have no special effect.’
      • ‘East and West have no more sevens or tens to play, so North has beaten off the attack.’
      • ‘In the example above, the left meld would get the low card bonus - the fives tie and the six beats the seven.’
      • ‘A player receiving a card as a result of another player's playing a seven should thank the donor.’
      • ‘The seven of diamonds behaves in a similar way to a jack - it captures everything on the floor.’
      • ‘Thus a red six is placed on a black seven, a black ten on a red jack, and so on.’
      • ‘Once the eight of spades is played, then the seven and nine of spades may be played.’
      • ‘If a seven is led, it counts only as a seven, and the trick is won by the last seven played to it.’
      • ‘Then players take cards from the pile and flip them to get an ace to seven of any suit.’
      • ‘For example, if you ask for sevens and they have 3 sevens, they only have to give you one, until you ask again for a seven.’
      • ‘The first player to collect all four sevens wins.’
      • ‘For example if the first card was a seven, the second player has to lay another seven or a five, six, eight or nine to win both cards.’

Phrases

    the seven deadly sins
    • (in Christian tradition) the sins of pride, covetousness, lust, anger, gluttony, envy, and sloth.

    the seven-year itch
    • A supposed tendency to infidelity after seven years of marriage.

      ‘we've been together eight years now, so we're over the seven-year itch’
    the seven seas
    • All the oceans of the world (conventionally listed as the Arctic, Antarctic, North Pacific, South Pacific, North Atlantic, South Atlantic, and Indian Oceans).

Origin

Old English seofon, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch zeven and German sieben, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin septem and Greek hepta.

Pronunciation

seven

/ˈsevən/ /ˈsɛvən/