Definition of sforzando in English:

sforzando

adverb

(also sforzato)
Music
  • (especially as a direction) with sudden emphasis.

    ‘they are marked fortissimo decrescendo—just like all the instruments that play sforzando’
    • ‘Straightaway, one feels Schubert's love of the theatre from the solemn opening measures, the sforzando downbeat setting in motion curving string lines to explore different key textures, visionary and remote for their period.’
    • ‘The extensive pizzicati played by Mr. Mezö on the cello part in the second movement (Andante con moto quasi allegretto) of the Beethoven were beautifully executed, too, graceful at times and raucously sforzando when needed.’
    • ‘Moreover, the Quartet's second movement exposes in the middle of brutal sforzato accents a small piece of beautiful Jewish music, at a time when the Holocaust was still neglected by the regime's official memory of the great patriotic war.’

Pronunciation

sforzando

/sfôrtˈsändō/ /sfɔrtˈsɑndoʊ/

adjective

(also sforzato)
Music
  • Performed with sudden emphasis.

    • ‘such a grand finale must embrace a sforzando passage’

Pronunciation

sforzando

/sfôrtˈsändō/ /sfɔrtˈsɑndoʊ/

nounplural noun sforzandos, plural noun sforzandi/-dē/

(also sforzato)
Music
  • A sudden or marked emphasis.

    ‘The two hands play the motif simultaneously in contrary motion, rising and descending twice, emphasized by sforzandi.’
    • ‘In the fourth movement (Andante ma non troppo e molto cantabile) the pizzicato sforzandos were very accurate, loud, and pleasing to hear, as was the high playing of the first violin in the Presto.’
    • ‘Perhaps it was the overzealous con brio on the part of cellist Andrés Díaz: maybe there are a lot of sforzandi in the score, but from where I sat I heard more percussive bowstrikes than pure tone more often than I would have liked.’
    • ‘There are some very unique parts with its prominent sforzati and plenty of agogism.’
    • ‘The final two bars, with their fermatas and sforzandos, are much more theatrical and formidable than Schubert's.’

Pronunciation

sforzando

/sfôrtˈsändō/ /sfɔrtˈsɑndoʊ/

Origin

Italian, literally ‘using force’.