Definition of sign in English:


See synonyms for sign

Translate sign into Spanish


  • 1An object, quality, or event whose presence or occurrence indicates the probable presence or occurrence of something else.

    ‘flowers are often given as a sign of affection’
    • ‘the stores are full, which is a sign that the recession is past its worst’
    • ‘ the signs are that counterfeiting is growing at an alarming rate’
    • ‘Scottish rugby may still be a long way from this lamentable state of affairs but it could be argued that the warning signs are present.’
    • ‘The warning signs were present; I just didn't recognize or act on them.’
    • ‘He had visited Clements at her home to assess the dogs and said neither of them presented any signs of aggressive behaviour, even when he deliberately goaded them.’
    • ‘While services have been leading in their global reach, manufacturing industry is also showing signs of global presence.’
    • ‘These are signs of quality and consistency, backed by total assurance.’
    • ‘The probe had been due to search for signs of past or present life on Mars using cutting edge technology.’
    • ‘The reality, according to Leon, was that matric exemption was no longer a sign of quality education.’
    • ‘It used to be thought that wine drinkers in Britain loved the taste of oak, and that we believed it was a sign of quality.’
    • ‘The fund-raisers of South Lakeland and Furness are showing no signs of fatigue as events continue across the district in aid of the Asian earthquake appeal.’
    • ‘Methane has been found in the Martian atmosphere which scientists say could be a sign of present-day life on Mars.’
    • ‘The 1960s were the decade when student revolt became a serious political phenomenon, but small signs of resistance were present before then.’
    • ‘We see our past achievements as the end results of a clean forward thrust, and our present difficulties as signs of decline and decay.’
    • ‘These are just some of the signs presented in a recent book that point to an unexpected similarity between the wise birds and humans.’
    • ‘Today, we can say that parapsychology in our country presents its first signs of maturity.’
    • ‘All the signs of anxiety were present, and yet he still denied that he cared about how he did in the exams.’
    • ‘These events provoked the first signs of an intellectual disenchantment in Britain.’
    • ‘While reluctant to pinpoint the event as a sign of renewed faction fighting, he said police were monitoring the situation.’
    • ‘The economy is also showing clear signs of recovery after facing several years of cyclical and structural problems.’
    • ‘A couple of days after I bought it, I saw the first sign of trouble.’
    • ‘Next, the children drew pictures to represent some signs of spring.’
    indication, signal, symptom, hint, pointer, suggestion, intimation, mark, manifestation, demonstration
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1with negative Used to indicate that someone or something is not present where they should be or are expected to be.
      ‘there was still no sign of her’
      • ‘A few minutes later they found her bicycle and newspapers in the road but there was no sign of Genette.’
      • ‘They may be on the verge of an appointment but there's no sign of an announcement as yet.’
      • ‘Another week had passed, after all, and still there was no sign of new arrivals.’
      • ‘We need a proper debate about it, but there is no sign of one at the moment.’
      • ‘Say you've ordered your meal, and some time has passed and there's no sign of it.’
      • ‘Still, with no sign of the kids, I hope we don't have a repeat performance this evening.’
      • ‘I went down all the alleyways and garages and called his name, but I there was no sign of him not even a meow.’
      • ‘There's no sign of any of them as I enter the town early one sunny Friday morning.’
      • ‘There was no sign of a campaign of civil disobedience planned by water sports enthusiasts.’
      • ‘There was still no sign of it five days later, and so began two weeks of hell.’
      • ‘But there was no sign of the hesitation in their play or lack of creativity in attack.’
      • ‘Across the room and to the right is a young woman and again there's no sign of a baby.’
      • ‘There is a no sign of an end to the influx, with tens of thousands more expected to arrive in the next few months.’
      • ‘At midnight, with no sign of Sandy, we left some sandwiches in the drawing room and went to bed.’
      • ‘He went into the room and saw the window was broken, but no sign of his brother.’
      • ‘There was still no sign of any police ten minutes after I phoned them so I made a decision.’
      • ‘I just bend down to lift the handle of my suitcase and as I come up there is no sign of Frank anywhere.’
      • ‘There was no sign of any food or water in the buildings in which they were kept.’
      • ‘With no sign of John, I did my best to keep the conversation going and the glasses full.’
      • ‘Using her own set of keys, she let herself in but there was no sign of her mother.’
    2. 1.2Medicine An indication of a disease detectable by a medical practitioner even if not apparent to the patient.
      Compare with symptom
      ‘clinical signs of liver disease’
      • ‘None of the patients had clinical signs of ulcerogenic disease.’
      • ‘Finally, a subject who is asymptomatic, with no signs of liver disease should be labelled as a healthy carrier.’
      • ‘Patients who demonstrated signs of angina pectoris or severe arrhythmia or had diabetes mellitus were excluded from our study.’
      • ‘Contracture of the palmar fascia, like palmar erythema, is often cited as a sign of chronic liver disease.’
      • ‘These signs can indicate the presence of Insulin Resistance which may later manifest as frank diabetes.’
    3. 1.3A miracle regarded as evidence of supernatural power (chiefly in biblical and literary use)
      ‘he observed signs and miracles taking place’
      • ‘Whilst some say cases such as these are mere coincidence others believe they are miracles and signs from God.’
      • ‘For the church after Acts did not have the miracles and signs of the kingdom, but the truth concerning the church which is the body of Christ.’
      • ‘In that era, the French and the Germans, like the British, believed their wealth and power were divine signs of their virtue.’
      • ‘The Pharisees and Sadducees came looking for a sign and the signs were all around them.’
      • ‘The Jewish people were accustomed to the concept of signs and wonders.’
    4. 1.4North American Any trace of a wild animal, especially its tracks or droppings.
      ‘wolverine sign’
      • ‘But the signs were puzzling as they led us to every type of animal, from penguins to lions, EXCEPT the giant panda.’
      • ‘However, the interpretation of sign at nests to classify nest predators was almost wholly ineffective.’
  • 2A gesture or action used to convey information or instructions.

    ‘she gave him the thumbs-up sign’
    • ‘Some adults gave thumbs-up signs, others watched sullenly as the 60 vehicles, bristling with weapons, crawled past.’
    • ‘At best, they receive a few quizzical stares, a couple of thumbs-up signs and a desperate waving of white flags.’
    • ‘When he passed two of the men sitting mid-cabin, he gave a thumbs-up sign.’
    • ‘When asked what Dad was like in the classroom, she beams and gives the thumbs-up sign.’
    • ‘Hunting in small groups, often with other men, they communicated silently as they went, using a wide range of hand and facial signs and gestures.’
    • ‘Upon their arrival at the station, Dion was met with claps on the back and countless thumbs-up signs.’
    • ‘As he was being wheeled off the field, he gave us the thumbs-up sign, which told us to keep playing hard and that he would be all right.’
    • ‘She was smiling and had both of her hands giving me the thumbs-up sign.’
    • ‘He nodded slightly and raised a still gloved left hand to give her a thumbs-up sign along with a weary smile.’
    • ‘He followed her gaze and hid a grin when he saw a young woman flash a thumbs-up sign at Bella.’
    • ‘I resorted to signs and gestures, in a peculiar multi-lingual game of charades.’
    • ‘I just gave him my best peace sign and nodded.’
    • ‘Staff involved in the scam would have helped customers win using a subtle system of signs and then taken a payback from their winnings.’
    • ‘Not wanting to blow my cover, I gave her an elaborate gang sign using both hands and most of my fingers.’
    • ‘As expressive off the pitch as he is on it, the tell-tale facial signs which accompany every word uttered paint an informative picture.’
    • ‘With the best control he can muster, he makes the sign of the Median over Caidryn's body and utters a brief prayer for her soul.’
    • ‘Her hand flew to cover her mouth in the sign of shock and despair.’
    • ‘The custom of joining the hands in the sign of prayer is the greeting one receives from a stranger and is unique to Sanatana Dharma.’
    • ‘He turned towards her and made the sign of peace.’
    • ‘One young guy's apparent crime was holding his fingers in a peace sign in front of the troops.’
    gesture, signal, wave, gesticulation, cue, nod
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1An action or reaction that conveys something about someone's state or experiences.
      ‘she gave no sign of having seen him’
      • ‘I might even say that such a reaction is a sign of profound ingratitude.’
      • ‘Zelda's eyes widened at this unexpected reaction, but other than that she showed no signs of fear.’
      • ‘He always accepted the smallest invitation or the most insignificant present with outward signs of pleasure.’
      • ‘He stood up ‘Let's go’ he said as I presented no signs of moving from my seat.’
      • ‘She tried to find some sign of understanding in his eyes but they seemed vacant, as if he were in a dream.’
      • ‘When I chose to go away to Bombay and entered Hindi films, he never ever said a word about it, let alone gave any sign of reproach.’
      • ‘They said they would have liked to have seen some obvious sign of remorse from the young man.’
      • ‘He seemed like he was talking about someone else, without any sign of shame and remorse, and without any emotional involvement.’
      • ‘Tara said happily, but the sign of hunger and boredom lingered in her eyes.’
      • ‘But on Sunday he displayed no obvious signs of distress and bowled quite comfortably.’
    2. 2.2A gesture used in a system of sign language.
      ‘The system is based on simple signs and gestures derived from British Sign Language for the deaf taught through song.’
      • ‘Because ASL is based on natural gestures, most signs are incredibly easy to learn.’
      • ‘Use is made of repeated signs to convey such notions as plurality, degree, or emphasis.’
      • ‘These findings suggest that the addition of signs to speech facilitates word recognition by deaf children.’
      • ‘You see, sign language contains no signs for abstract words and notions.’
      • ‘He said the church was currently running classes for its members and that it expected the number of those able to communicate through signs, to increase.’
    3. 2.3
      short for sign language
      • ‘Every classroom should have a deaf teacher as well as one who can hear so that children are exposed to both sign and spoken language simultaneously.’
    4. 2.4A symbol or word used to represent an operation, instruction, concept, or object in algebra, music, or other subjects.
      ‘the integral sign ∫’
      • ‘In claiming, in this book, that language is essentially symbolic, I am alluding to the status of linguistic signs as symbols, rather than as icons or indexes.’
      • ‘A symbol is a sign used to represent something other than itself.’
      • ‘The short appoggiatura was then notated by the new sign.’
      • ‘The sign hamza also represents a glottal stop and is transliterated in the same way.’
      • ‘In cuneiform writing, words are represented by signs incised into clay tablets by a wedge-shaped instrument.’
      • ‘This request presented the informant with a problem, for he had no conception of signs representing just a vowel or a consonant, and for a long time his efforts were derided.’
      • ‘Thus axioms and theorems can never try to lay down the meaning of a sign or word that occurs in them, but it must already be laid down.’
      • ‘He writes on a white pad of paper, wavy lines and strange signs, mathematical symbols.’
      • ‘It begins with signs (graphemes and words) building to propositions which attempt to develop perception.’
      • ‘When using the formula, pay close attention to arithmetic signs and treat them algebraically.’
      • ‘The website is a brilliant resource for details on various symbols and signs and perfect for sigil ideas.’
      • ‘The addition signs represent the interaction of the reactants and are used to separate and list the products formed.’
      • ‘The earliest forms of writing used simple pictorial signs to represent objects.’
      • ‘Double-bodied, or bi-corporeal signs are those represented by two figures.’
      • ‘Ge'ez is easily adapted to melody because each sign represents a syllable.’
      • ‘For Lacan, the ego is not the central agency of the personality but a false self haunted by the unconscious and conceptualized around linguistic signs.’
      • ‘The linguistic sign is neither conceptual nor phonic, neither thought nor sound.’
      symbol, mark, cipher, letter, character, numeral, figure, type, code, hieroglyph
      View synonyms
    5. 2.5A word or gesture given according to prior arrangement as a means of identification; a password.
      • ‘Many marginalists use non-verbal codes - private signs and symbols recognised only by them.’
  • 3A notice that is publicly displayed giving information or instructions in a written or symbolic form.

    ‘I didn't see the stop sign’
    • ‘Just about every pub displays a sign or notice advising women to keep an eye on their drinks.’
    • ‘A teenaged driver who has been drinking beer does not notice the stop sign and hits the passenger side of the woman's car.’
    • ‘Government, in the form of traffic lights and stop signs and rules and regulations for driving, is absolutely required.’
    • ‘I tried to confine my map-reading to traffic lights and stop signs, I really did.’
    • ‘It will be recommended to put up three new real time passenger information signs at bus stops near the station.’
    • ‘Many times, a community will ask the local authorities to put in a stop sign or traffic light at a dangerous corner.’
    • ‘Around the city, information kiosks have still to be put up while multi-lingual signs at bus stops, along streets and highways are a rarity.’
    • ‘The doctors on duty displayed stickers and signs expressing their solidarity with those on strike and with the demonstrations.’
    • ‘I saw no cautionary signs let alone stop or give way.’
    • ‘At first glance, townspeople would notice 38 signs dotted around the town advertising the zone, if approval comes from the district council.’
    • ‘Driving to work this past Sunday evening, I was pulled over by a cop for failing to stop at a stop sign.’
    • ‘It may be better to hide the cameras themselves and simply have signs warning of their presence.’
    • ‘Following it, Alexander presently saw some signs pointing pedestrians in the correct direction.’
    • ‘Nothing was that different from what could be seen in Los Angeles, except that the signs were all in French and there were no SUVs in sight.’
    • ‘Another 32 of the signs are to be placed at strategic points around the city, following on from a similar project that has worked successfully in Leeds.’
    • ‘A sign by the path warned all joggers and walkers to keep to the well lit areas.’
    • ‘I saw some graffiti yesterday on a street crossing sign.’
    • ‘The parents of a boy hit by a car yards from their front door have refused to take down a series of homemade signs urging drivers to slow down.’
    • ‘They live opposite a flashing sign urging drivers to reduce their speed to 30 mph.’
    • ‘The same logo hangs over cabin toilets and on deck rails, with signs urging passengers not to throw trash overboard.’
    notice, signpost, signboard, warning sign, road sign, traffic sign
    View synonyms
  • 4

    (also zodiacal sign)
    Each of the twelve equal sections into which the zodiac is divided, named from the constellations formerly situated in each, and associated with successive periods of the year according to the position of the sun on the ecliptic.

    ‘a person born under the sign of Virgo’
    • ‘If a planet is situated in a sign which opposes its own it is said to be in detriment, a word which literally means to be harmed or damaged.’
    • ‘It is the sign associated with intemperance and a craving for emotional excitement and sensuality.’
    • ‘In the water signs of Scorpio and Pisces we see a different expression of this energy.’
    • ‘While you experience a smoother flow of energy under the sign of Virgo, you sometimes feel bored by the lack of tension.’
    • ‘Each crop type must then be planted on a day when the moon is in a sign of the zodiac associated with that element.’
  • 5Mathematics
    The positiveness or negativeness of a quantity.

    ‘the last four bits hold a pattern to represent the sign of the number’
    • ‘The sign of the constant of proportion, c, in the equation above, will determine whether the process is one of growth or of decay.’
    • ‘Moreover, as just mentioned, the rate of adaptation negatively correlates with the sign of epistasis.’
    • ‘The sign of the coefficient on this variable is the opposite of that for the Gini coefficient.’
    • ‘Depending on the sign of [d], the dominance ratio was classified as either negative or positive.’
    • ‘We show that the type of host lipid determines not only the absolute value but also the sign of the gating charge.’



/sīn/ /saɪn/


  • 1with object Write one's name on (a letter, card, or similar item) to identify oneself as the writer or sender.

    ‘the card was signed by the whole class’
    • ‘Outraged by the Government's threat to their sub post offices, people have signed petitions and written letters urging ministers to think again.’
    • ‘They don't hesitate to sign petitions, write letters or otherwise share their opinions.’
    • ‘The rest of the detainees wrote and signed a letter that they had witnessed the abuse, and went on a hunger strike.’
    • ‘He had signed the letter with a heart and then written his name in huge letters across the bottom.’
    • ‘We would like to thank the 7,500 people who sent objection letters or signed the petition.’
    • ‘The council received 21 letters and a petition signed by 122 residents opposing the plan.’
    • ‘The judge rejected pleas by more than 4,000 supporters who had signed petitions or written letters on Haddad's behalf.’
    • ‘He ‘was not concentrating’ when he signed a letter one of his staff had written in reply, which ignored most of her complaints.’
    • ‘He wrote back within the week and signed the letter which her father Peter, 53, is going to frame for her.’
    • ‘I signed the letter with my full name, address, phone number and account number.’
    • ‘All the cards were made and signed by the pupils.’
    • ‘But individual letters are more important than signing a petition, so get writing!’
    • ‘The singer was one of 52 Irish celebrities who designed and signed their own playing card for the charity - raising funds in their home country.’
    • ‘Whether sent via e-mail or snail mail, my letters are always signed with the simple title ‘Viewer’ beneath my name.’
    • ‘Parents will be asked to sign the letter before sending it to council officials and public representatives.’
    • ‘At one point, the restaurant was giving all people celebrating birthdays a card, signed by the staff, that was also a gift certificate.’
    • ‘On her birthday, he sent her a card that was signed by everyone in his unit.’
    • ‘With the dossier we sent to the FSA was a letter signed by me.’
    • ‘Truly, every baseball fan should join in, sign a card, send a letter or bake some cookies.’
    • ‘An original Copy of the limited-edition book, of which only 1,500 were printed and signed by Wood, is also on display.’
    write, inscribe, pen, pencil, scribble, scrawl, dash off, put, add
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Indicate agreement with or authorization of the contents of (a document or other written or printed material) by attaching a signature.
      ‘the two countries signed a nonaggression treaty’
      • ‘When the Soviet Union signed the SALT I Treaty, it chose to build its ABM sites around Moscow and Leningrad.’
      • ‘Unsurprisingly, we are also selling to the Gaddafi government in Libya, another nation which has not signed the Chemical Weapons Convention.’
      • ‘In 1997, the U.S. and 65 other countries signed the Chemical Weapons Convention.’
      • ‘In May 1972, the United States and the Soviet Union signed the SALT I Agreement.’
      • ‘Yesterday the Minister for the Environment signed the Packaging Accord.’
      • ‘I slid over a crisp dollar bill as my initial deposit, and signed the papers.’
      • ‘The document is signed by two witnesses, and has the standing of a legally binding agreement.’
      • ‘Once this document is signed - which is expected imminently - it's obviously too late to change anything.’
      • ‘Adnan said the defence team had visited Amrozi in jail today and he signed a document authorising them to appeal the conviction and sentence.’
      • ‘Couples sign the partnership document in the presence of two witnesses and a Civil Partnership Registrar.’
      • ‘Important markets such as the US, Japan and south Korea have not signed the Patents Co-operation Treaty that was designed to harmonise patent rules.’
      • ‘A second possible, but again unusual, situation is where a loan document is signed but requires further agreement on particular matters.’
      • ‘The transfer was valid at the time the document was signed and this has no bearing on the matters at hand.’
      • ‘That was how he looked when she went down to the mortuary to identify his body and sign the necessary documents.’
      • ‘A user's card then contains their private key and a certificate, signed by the card issuer, to confirm their public key value.’
      • ‘Work on restoring the building will start early next year after contracts have been signed and detailed plans have been drawn-up.’
      • ‘Unfortunately, my prospective employers needed a copy of my degree before they could sign such a contract.’
      • ‘In fact, only one of the many workers fired for independent union activity has been rehired, and not a single contract has been signed with an independent union.’
      • ‘Britain in particular would be far better off signing a free-trade agreement with the USA.’
      • ‘A ceasefire signed in February 2002 remains in place but talks have been stalled since this April.’
      endorse, validate, certify, authenticate, authorize, sanction, legalize, put into effect, enact
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2Write (one's name) for purposes of identification or authorization.
      ‘she signed her name in the book’
      • ‘she signed herself Ingrid’
      • ‘he signed on the dotted line’
      • ‘More than 200 people have already signed their names and written messages of support since the book opened.’
      • ‘‘These homeless are bums, nothing but leeches on society,’ wrote a guy who signed himself Trav.’
      • ‘She never learned to write and could only sign her name with a cross.’
      • ‘He writes it down, signs his name, and hands the paper to a clerk.’
      • ‘The name changed to Dürer but Albrecht Dürer senior always signed himself Türer rather than Dürer.’
      • ‘On the back of the card the instructor wrote, ‘D. talks too much,’ and signed his name.’
      • ‘He signed himself Dave, which may or may not be his real name.’
      • ‘When you are happy with it, write it down at least twenty times and sign your name to it each time.’
      • ‘Personally, I can't remember the last time I wrote in cursive other than signing my name.’
      • ‘Each one wrote a sentence or two and then signed his name.’
      • ‘He wrote a brief message to her and signed his name in flowing but not too neat script that he obviously hadn't spent time perfecting.’
      • ‘Deciding to keep it simple he wrote two quick lines then signed his name.’
      • ‘Amos was able to identify the photo of a man whose first name was signed Mohamed, but he could not make out the last name, he said.’
      • ‘I'd like to thank the authors who signed their names to the very eloquent letter.’
      • ‘Accepting every word, Ford authorized Bennett to sign his name to the statement.’
      • ‘She even autographed it, signing George's name as a bonus.’
      • ‘Please show your support by signing your name on the sheet provided.’
      • ‘It eventually worked and I carefully signed my clearest signature for years before having it held up to the light again.’
      • ‘They will then be on hand to meet fans, sign autographs and will perform a few hits to entertain the audience.’
      • ‘They have signed all the autographs, laughed and joked among themselves and smiled upon all who smiled.’
      autograph, endorse, witness, initial, put one's mark on, countersign, re-sign
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3Engage (someone, typically a sports player or a musician) to work for one by signing a contract with them.
      ‘the company signed 30 bands’
      • ‘He will need to find cover for the start of next season, be it in renewing a contract or signing a new player.’
      • ‘These clubs often wait for a contract to expire before signing a player, in order to eliminate any transfer fee involved.’
      • ‘Two years ago, 860 foreign-born players were signed to professional contracts by major league clubs.’
      • ‘The players are signed to long term contracts, and if US interests want the player, they have to pay his team for his services.’
      • ‘The Aberdeen manager is constantly in the papers talking about signing players who are contracted to other clubs.’
      • ‘Colin Todd may ditch plans to sign a left-sided player if he can land two centre forwards.’
      • ‘Harper is signed through next season, but he might call it quits after this season, even if he helps the Lakers to a championship.’
      • ‘Over the past three or four months I signed the best players at Barnet on new two year contracts and they are beyond Brentford's price range.’
      • ‘Other managements across Europe have continued to sign players who are out of contract or who have been released by their clubs.’
      • ‘Will the Hearts manager stay if he has no control over signing new players?’
      • ‘With sadness, Hudson told Gazza that he wasn't going to be right for the club and signed the American player Ernie Stewart instead.’
      • ‘According to his adviser there are many other clubs interested in signing the former Gremio player.’
      • ‘Not since the early 1980s, when they reached two European Cup finals and signed European Player of the Year Keegan, has there been such expectation.’
      • ‘Everyone wishes they could have signed their own Velvet Underground; that's the history of the interesting side of rock and roll.’
      • ‘The Hawks were serious about signing Curry - they had jerseys and specially edited videos made for a two-day visit to Atlanta.’
      • ‘The team signed former Bill Jonathan Linton to be the top backup to George.’
      • ‘He is looking for more offense and has indicated he wants to sign a major free agent.’
      • ‘They spent a year in Oakland trying to get signed to a record label.’
      • ‘Also, we signed the band in the 80s, so we had a variety of successes.’
      • ‘Bethlehem Records signed her in 1957 and two years later, her heartbreaking version of Gershwin's hit sold over a million records.’
      recruit, hire, engage, employ, take on, appoint, take into one's employ, take into employment, contract, put on the payroll, sign on, sign up, enrol, enlist
      recruit, hire, engage, employ, take on, appoint, take into one's employ, take into employment, contract, put on the payroll, sign, enrol, enlist
      View synonyms
    4. 1.4no object Commit oneself to work by signing a contract.
      ‘things haven't changed since I signed in the summer’
      • ‘Sherman has signed for another two seasons’
      • ‘this is the role we all thought he 'd be playing when he signed from the New York Rangers’
      • ‘"We just signed to a new label called Anubis, " explains DJ / producer Nabi.’
      • ‘Perhaps the biggest key to his success is not signing to a major label.’
      • ‘The band has signed to Primary Voltage Records, who will put out their LP later this year.’
      • ‘He also urged greater price transparency so that customers are better informed when deciding to sign with a supplier.’
      • ‘The move, coming shortly after she signed to Warners, signalled the opening of a whole new chapter in her life.’
      • ‘Flushed with the success of the film, he has just signed to direct the third Harry Potter movie.’
      • ‘Later I signed with director Vinayan for Satyam opposite Pritviraj.’
      • ‘I just spoke with one of my old high school friends who informed me he had just signed with the 2004 Trek West Coast Factory Team.’
      • ‘Rahman's promoter Cedric Kushner files lawsuits in all directions when the fighter makes attempts to sign with Don King.’
      • ‘She has the plain Jane Mallu looks and has signed with two big directors and top heroes.’
      • ‘Those that have already signed are defenders Mark Hotte, Steve Baker and Paul Shepherd, with Shaun Rennison poised to join them.’
      • ‘Holland moved to the bench when Mayberry signed as a free agent in the off season.’
      • ‘I will be visiting Carla shortly to make sure her son signs for Bessbrook United.’
  • 2no object Use gestures to convey information or instructions.

    with infinitive ‘she signed to her husband to leave the room’
    • ‘Jess shook her head and signed to Dani, gesturing to Courtney and back to Bran.’
    • ‘He signed at her, indicating the direction they were walking in with a vague point of his index finger.’
    gesture, signal, give a sign to, indicate, direct, motion, gesticulate
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1Communicate in sign language.
      ‘she was learning to sign’
      • ‘Mr Maxwell, whose speciality is French and English starters, can lip read quite well but can only speak a few words, so he relies on signing to communicate.’
      • ‘After ripping a steel sink from its moorings, the ape - famous for using sign language - signed to claim that her tiny pet kitten had done the damage’
      • ‘She recently completed a Level One exam in sign-language, and signed to the audience what it means for her to be chosen to enter this competition.’
    2. 2.2with object Express or perform (something) in sign language.
      as adjective signed ‘the theater routinely puts on signed performances’
      • ‘The woman doing sign language during the broadcast instead signed to viewers the election was a fraud.’
      • ‘Koko is famous for knowing sign language, and she was able to sign to her handlers in California that she had a toothache.’
      • ‘He has also learnt sign language and can now sign 30 words and speak them clearly.’
  • 3 archaic with object Mark or consecrate with the sign of the cross.

    ‘he signed himself with the cross’
    • ‘He ran up to the front of the church demanding to be signed with the cross.’



/sīn/ /saɪn/


    sign of the cross
    • A Christian sign made in blessing or prayer by tracing a cross from the forehead to the chest and to each shoulder, or in the air.

      ‘For example, Muslims whisper Allah's name in the baby's ear, and Christians make the sign of the cross in water on his or her forehead.’
      • ‘He frantically made the sign of the cross over his chest.’
      • ‘‘Oh no… Lord, grant him mercy,’ Katherine said, making the sign of the cross on her chest.’
      • ‘As if to authenticate the gesture, even non-Roman Catholic players have been known to finish their touchdown prayers with the sign of the cross.’
      • ‘The first in line made the sign of the cross against his chest before dropping his ballot into a clear plastic container.’
      • ‘A yellow, smoky light filtered through as the priest chanted the opening prayers and made the sign of the cross.’
      • ‘The simple version of the rosy cross is still used today in the church as the sign of the cross, done before and after all prayers and as a general blessing/banishing.’
      • ‘‘In the name of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost’, he said raising his hand to make the sign of the cross as the congregation knelt in prayer.’
      • ‘Tony knelt down and prayed making the sign of the cross, while Jisty's parents said their own prayers.’
      • ‘John Paul II last made an appearance on Sunday, waving to about 300 hymn-singing pilgrims below and making the sign of the cross.’
    sign of the times
    • Something judged to exemplify or indicate the nature or quality of a particular period, typically something unwelcome or unpleasant.

      ‘the theft was a sign of the times’
      • ‘A few weeks ago, in another sign of the times, the chief judge of the Raboteau trial was attacked and severely beaten.’
      • ‘It is extremely rare that something like this should happen, but it is a sign of the times, sadly.’
      • ‘It's a shame there aren't a few more libertarian voices amongst the newcomers - but I supposed that's just a sign of the times.’
      • ‘It's a sad sign of the times but one that is increasingly accepted to provide reassurance: a necessary inconvenience - no more, no less.’
      • ‘Sadly it's probably a sign of the times that this time around it's the reporter and not the subject of his report that's the centre of all the attention.’
      • ‘It is, perhaps, a sign of the times that neither of them was born in Yorkshire, but the pair of them were just as proud to receive their caps as any native would have been.’
      • ‘In a sign of the times, the fast food giant is getting rid of the extra-large portions that had become one of its signatures.’
      • ‘It is a sign of the times, I suppose, that the news has been greeted with relatively muted response.’
      • ‘Is all this just one other sign of the times: the gradual dumbing down of British society?’
      • ‘I suppose it's a sign of the times that their spoofs are more sensible than their genuine stuff.’
    signed, sealed, and delivered
    • Formally and officially agreed and in effect.

      ‘the government doesn't want us to know about their deal until it's all signed, sealed, and delivered’
      • ‘We had hoped it all would be signed, sealed, and delivered by now.’
      • ‘Now, in this province, not only can you no longer trust a handshake deal, you can't even trust a signed and sealed legal document with all the fine print carefully scrutinized.’
      • ‘We are currently looking at the demolition tenders and we believe a deal will be signed and sealed within two months.’
      • ‘He said: ‘We could have delayed the announcement until all the contracts were signed and sealed, but this is about being open and honest.’’
      • ‘I know I won't do anything next time until everything is signed and sealed.’
      • ‘There's nothing signed and sealed yet, there's still a lot of rugby to play to make the play-offs.’
      • ‘I just hope it is not a case of prolonging the agony and I won't believe everything is okay until a deal is signed and sealed and I'm reading it in the paper.’
      • ‘We will fight on and on and only stop once the final contract is signed and sealed.’
      • ‘Nothing seems to be conclusively signed and sealed; pessimism overwhelms most of the NGOs as well as various justice and peace organisations.’
      • ‘Dolan said: ‘We are hopeful the deal will be completed by the end of today but I do not want to say who it is until everything is signed and sealed.’’

Phrasal Verbs

    sign away
    • sign something away, sign away somethingOfficially relinquish rights or property by signing a deed.

      ‘I have no intention of signing away my inheritance’
      • ‘he signed over the estate to Sir John’
      • ‘It claims there was pressure on locals to sign their property over to oil executives.’
      • ‘He would give her access to all his bank accounts and sign the deed over to her.’
      • ‘So many of our powers have been signed away by successive governments that we can now make only 30 per cent of our own laws.’
      • ‘Under the proposal, the Ks will be signed over to the trust for the nominal £1 fee.’
      • ‘The court heard that both dogs were signed over to the RSPCA, restored to good health and found new homes.’
      • ‘In single-parent families or families where both parents are at sea, the children are signed over to a guardian.’
      • ‘Trouble is, we believed them and signed the whole thing over.’
      • ‘One woman in her 80s was persuaded to sign her home over to them.’
      • ‘If a friend wins the lottery, the only way I'm going to be excited is if they sign the cheque over to me.’
      • ‘However, once I signed the papers as a director I signed away any chance of upholding tenants' rights as these papers banned me from representing the tenants.’
    sign for
    • sign for somethingSign a receipt to confirm that one has received something delivered or handed over.

      ‘someone must sign for the registered letter when we deliver it’
      • ‘We rang City Link and asked them where the parcel was, they said it had been delivered to our address and was signed for by Jackson.’
      • ‘My mum had to sign for them when they were delivered.’
      • ‘The customer electronically signs for the call and confirmation goes to accounts for billing.’
      • ‘Everything else either has to be collected or a delivery time arranged for when you are at home to sign for the goods.’
    sign in
    • 1Sign a register to record that one has arrived at a workplace or institution.

      ‘I signed in and took the elevator to my room’
      • ‘They carry their own personal ID badges and all visitors must sign in and out of the building.’
      • ‘I suppose that if you didn't sign in on the council register you don't exist!’
      • ‘With a goodbye both Emma and Danny got out of the car and signed in to the hotel.’
      • ‘The clubhouse no longer has the routine where you must sign in if you are not a club member as the bar is leased out.’
      • ‘Dana has just signed in., MSN informed her with a short, annoying sound effect.’
      1. 1.1sign someone in, sign in someoneRecord someone's arrival at a workplace or institution in a register.
        ‘he's signed you in and is waiting for you’
        • ‘The chief fire officer signed him in as a firemen, when he arrived at the station.’
        • ‘They are welcome to use every part of the club as long as they are signed in.’
        • ‘I just hope my papa is correct in his assumption that if he signs me in as a guest it won't be a problem…’
        • ‘Woody signed me in and we made our way back to the Bistro where the group was forming up.’
        • ‘Tickets are $20, but you do need a member to sign you in.’
        • ‘The gig is free and doors open at 8.30 pm, but remember you need a Union member to sign you in.’
        • ‘I walked to the desk, slid on my work apron and signed myself in.’
        • ‘He signed himself out of the hospital and went to Arcadia for an examination from his primary physician, who sent him home.’
        • ‘She went into the clock check-in and signed herself in.’
        • ‘One of them, Ms. Jill, who always makes mommies and daddies sign kids out, said to us ‘good morning’ and she waved.’
      2. 1.2sign something in, sign in somethingSign to indicate that one has returned something borrowed or hired.
        • ‘first I went to the rental car desk and signed in my rental’
    • 2Enter a username and password in order to gain access to a computer system, database, or website.

      ‘every time I signed in on my phone I would get an error message’
      • ‘please sign in to access your account’
    sign off
    • 1Conclude a letter, broadcast, or other message.

      • ‘he signed off with a few words of advice’
      1. 1.1Conclude an activity.
        • ‘she signed off from her talk show in September’
      2. 1.2Sign a register to record that one is leaving work for the day.
        • ‘a colleague signed off for me’
      3. 1.3sign someone off, sign off someoneRecord that someone is entitled to miss work, typically because of illness.
        ‘she had seen her doctor and been signed off for a month’
        • ‘He published statistics earlier this year saying that 80% of illnesses in the civil service were self-certified - in other words they had not been signed off by a doctor.’
        • ‘In the first place you don't necessarily need a doctor to sign you off.’
        • ‘McGhee said: ‘We're all hopeful the doctor will sign Timmy off.’’
        • ‘Like 15 and 16-year-olds across East Lancashire they were signed off on exam leave at the end of last week.’
        • ‘I just can't seem to get going on anything so my Doctor, who showed some genuine interest this time, has signed me off for a month.’
        • ‘They inserted a metal plate and signed him off from his job as a computer salesman for up to three weeks.’
        • ‘Insiders claimed staff were guilty of ‘time theft’ with workers going home early and asking colleagues to sign them off.’
        • ‘When it first happened I was so upset, I couldn't go to work and I was signed off.’
        • ‘His doctor soon signed him off work with severe stress and high blood pressure.’
        • ‘She later sought medical help for pain in her right arm and her doctor signed her off sick for 12 months.’
      4. 1.4Bridge Indicate by a conventional bid that one is seeking to end the bidding.
    • 2British Register to stop receiving unemployment benefit after finding work.

      • ‘I signed off when I found myself a job’
    sign off on
    US informal
    • sign off on somethingGive one's approval to something.

      • ‘it was hard to get celebrities to sign off on those issues’
      • ‘After JEDC approval, City Council signed off on the request in November 2000.’
      • ‘In Houston we have four specific projects that he and I both signed off on.’
      • ‘Whether there were any sweetheart contracts he might have signed off on, as some reports suggest, remains to be seen.’
      • ‘In a stunning new development, attorneys for both sides reached a deal that the president himself signed off on.’
      • ‘Davis signed off on comically generous pensions for government workers.’
      • ‘So this is not a plan that has been signed off on by the president.’
      • ‘According to Steinberg, different editors asked about the story before it ran to make sure its treatment had been signed off on.’
      • ‘Again, this should be agreed to and signed off on by the client.’
      • ‘Before anything is signed off on at least two people check the calculation before it finally goes to the Director of Services for approval.’
      • ‘Others were in production and had been finished, but not signed off on by the EP, who constantly re-cut segments.’
    sign on
    • 1Commit oneself to a contract of employment, membership of a society, or some other undertaking.

      • ‘I'll sign on with a nursing agency’
      1. 1.1sign someone on, sign on someoneTake someone into one's employment.
        ‘the manager signed on new players’
        • ‘The hockey player has been signed on by the Government of Nunavut - all in aid of a worthy public cause.’
        • ‘His performances attracted the attention of City manager Tom Mitchell, who signed him on.’
        • ‘Meena recommended her to three top-notch producer-directors and Manisha was signed on by all three in one day!’
        • ‘The club have been impressed by Ciaran's net-minding skills and have signed him on for the top spot again in 2003.’
        • ‘He came down and had a training session and we signed him on.’
        • ‘If headhunters from the English county season have been watching the young Baroda lad, they must be queueing up to sign him on.’
        • ‘The claim to fame was not easy, admits Chowtha, who says it took more than six years for anyone in the industry to sign him on.’
        • ‘All it took was one producer to sign her on, give her a ‘look’ and give her a career.’
        • ‘Eventually moving to New York, she was signed on to the S-Curve label at only fourteen years old.’
        • ‘He expressed hope that Mbesuma would be signed on by another club in Europe because he was still marketable.’
        recruit, hire, engage, employ, take on, appoint, take into one's employ, take into employment, contract, put on the payroll, sign, enrol, enlist
        View synonyms
    • 2British Register to receive unemployment benefit.

      • ‘I signed on after leaving college’
    sign out
    • 1Sign a register to record that one has left a workplace or institution.

      ‘I signed out at reception’
      • ‘all visitors must sign out when leaving’
      1. 1.1sign someone out, sign out someoneAuthorize someone's release or record their departure by signing a register.
        ‘he spent five days in hospital before signing himself out’
        • ‘Postsurgery, guards signed her out against medical advice and confiscated her pain medication.’
        • ‘‘Come on, Noe,’ her mother said, signing her out.’
        • ‘There, she found her father waiting for her, already signing her out of school.’
        • ‘I signed us out at the office, using the excuse that my sister was sick.’
        • ‘Sammy's mom gave me a disappointed look before she signed Sammy out.’
        • ‘When my dad finally got to school, he signed me out in a hurry.’
        • ‘‘According to this, the night nurse signed her out at four-twenty this morning,’ she answered smacking her bubble gum.’
        • ‘They talked to the doctors and everything was clear to sign Ryan out.’
        • ‘She said the process for parents picking up their children is to arrive at the school cafeteria where the children wait and then sign their child out before leaving.’
        • ‘Persons picking up campers for early dismissal should present photo identification to the office staff and be asked to sign the camper out in a log book.’
      2. 1.2sign something out, sign out somethingSign to indicate that one has borrowed or hired something.
        • ‘I signed out the keys’
    • 2Go through the procedures to conclude use of a computer system, database, or website.

      • ‘the site kept me logged in until I signed out’
    sign up
    • 1Commit oneself to a period of employment, education, or in the armed forces.

      ‘he was just seventeen when he signed up’
      • ‘she signed up for a ten-week course’
      • ‘I asked the receptionist if I could sign up to volunteer’
      • ‘To what exactly did they think they were committing themselves when they signed up for the job?’
      • ‘She signed up for four movies under prestigious banners, even before a single release!’
      • ‘Instead of doing sporty things, I signed up for a class on willow weaving.’
      • ‘We found this to be an excellent tennis program when our entire family signed up for lessons one year.’
      • ‘A novice in the ways of the waves, I did the sensible thing and signed up for a surf lesson with the Winter brothers.’
      • ‘A roughly equal number of boys and girls signed up for last night's course at Bradford Youth Centre.’
      • ‘This is why I've signed up for the Open University degree in Environmental Science.’
      • ‘Unhappy at home, and with no money to go to college, he had signed up for four years in the US Air Force.’
      • ‘Should people be allowed to not do part of the jobs that they signed up for because of moral objections?’
      • ‘When he signed up for the army it was tantamount to an admission that reality had intruded on his dream.’
      1. 1.1sign someone up, sign up someoneFormally engage someone in employment.
        ‘the company is signing up people to write programs’
        • ‘If Romanov is serious, he should let Robertson identify the players he wants to keep at the club and sign them up on new contracts.’
        • ‘Earlier this year Lipman was signed up to promote her erstwhile employer's arch-rival, the Carphone Warehouse.’
        • ‘In 2003, Walker was signed up by the sportswear manufacturer despite being just three-and-a-half.’
        • ‘They have worked hard in other areas, with suggestions that men of this calibre of might be signed up as support staff for the new coach.’
        • ‘The Bolton TV presenter has been signed up by Radio 1 DJ, becoming the station's third presenter from the town.’
        • ‘The TV veteran and former boxing champion has been signed up as a columnist by the Aberdeen Evening Express.’
        • ‘Former aerospace man Stuart Roby has been signed up to streamline manufacturing processes in the North-west.’
        • ‘Meanwhile she refused to confirm that the actress has been signed up to promote her Ultimo underwear.’
        • ‘The 15-year-old from Worsley has been signed up for a major role in a comedy drama series about teenagers, called The A to Z of Everything.’
        • ‘I'll definitely be getting a place in the Hamptons when Calvin Klein finally signs me up for a worldwide marketing campaign.’
      2. 1.2also sign something up, sign up somethingConclude a business deal.
        ‘the company has signed up with nine food brands’
        • ‘he has already signed up a few orders’
        • ‘There is still some way to go before the deal is signed up and even then it may take some time for any money to be released.’
        • ‘ABL has been operating the centre on behalf of the Council for seven years since it opened but will go it alone as soon as the deal is signed up.’
        • ‘However, those visiting the slopes of Bulgaria will not be covered by the card, as that country is not signed up to the free treatment deal.’
        • ‘What it doesn't have is a religious sect of expensively-suited consultants who could descend on an IT operation and sign it up to lucrative long-term facilities deals.’


Middle English from Old French signe (noun), signer (verb), from Latin signum ‘mark, token’.