Definition of socle in English:


Pronunciation /ˈsäkəl/ /ˈsɑkəl/


  • A plain low block or plinth serving as a support for a column, urn, statue, etc. or as the foundation of a wall.

    ‘The building itself was in a starkly neoclassical style, with a long colonnade of flat, fluted piers without capitals or socles, and with triangular pediments adorned only with the raised letters of an inscription.’
    • ‘The epigraphic ensemble culminates in an extraordinary but poorly preserved rendition of the sultan's titles surrounding the lowest portion of the minaret, its octagonal socle.’
    • ‘The exterior elevation consists of three cylindrical shafts of decreasing thickness from bottom to top, set on an octagonal socle and reaching a total height of over 255 feet.’
    • ‘A pair of bust-length portraits in silver, mounted on turned wooden socles, represent a well-to-do Dutch couple and seem - on the evidence of the costume - to have been made around 1645.’
    • ‘One monitor, set on a socle in the middle of the room, was glowing brightly in the darkness.’
    plinth, base, support, bottom, bed, foot, substructure, mounting, platform, stand, foundation, pillar, column, pier


Early 18th century from French, from Italian zoccolo, literally ‘wooden shoe’, from Latin socculus, from soccus (see sock).