Main definitions of spartan in English

: spartan1Spartan2Spartan3

spartan1

adjective

  • Showing or characterized by austerity or a lack of comfort or luxury.

    ‘the accommodation was fairly spartan’
    • ‘Because it is such a spartan environment and lacks significant variation or detail, it lends itself readily to imaginative transformation.’
    • ‘The dining room, not exactly spartan but simpler than most of Starck's restaurant interiors, is high enough to afford fine westerly views upriver to the City and beyond.’
    • ‘Schmidt is potentially a cold character, spartan with words and frugal with money.’
    • ‘It's a sparse, spartan film, especially in its Scottish scenes and has none of the warmth of Ramsay's engaging debut, Ratcatcher.’
    • ‘What lets it down is the over-egged direction which works against the spartan plot.’
    • ‘The furnishing is spartan but includes an immense grandfather clock which strikes the hour with a shattering noise.’
    • ‘Between 3,000 and 5,000 years old, these trees are testimony to spartan living under harsh conditions.’
    • ‘The moon peers through the bare window with a spartan offering of light.’
    • ‘The words spartan and bare did not even begin to describe the place Taro called home.’
    • ‘Living conditions were harsh and spartan with many families living in humpies or tents.’
    • ‘The lack of decent furnishings gave the apartment a spartan look.’
    • ‘Beeston never had palatial buildings, and throughout the C13 - C14 it remained a military base, spartan but potentially effective.’
    • ‘The bed, spartan nightstand, and two chairs seemed enough.’
    • ‘Use this spartan, but functional online viewer.’
    • ‘It's a spartan, occasionally pretentious piece of work, but more than redeemed by two elegant central performances.’
    • ‘My first impression that there was something disconcertingly spartan about the room was reinforced after a bit of tortured thought.’
    • ‘The interior of the shuttle was spartan in design - a comcen, which he glimpsed as they moved him into the back.’
    • ‘Inside, he was relieved to discover, the ambience was not quite so discouragingly spartan as outside.’
    • ‘The two designs have sometimes been construed as representing a disconcerting shift from the spartan to the lavish.’
    • ‘My room reminds me of some apartments I lived in as a much younger man: spartan, white-washed, built around the time my parents were teenagers.’
    austere, harsh, hard, frugal, stringent, rigorous, arduous, strict, stern, severe, rigid
    View synonyms

Origin

Mid 17th century from Spartan, because the inhabitants of Sparta were traditionally held to be indifferent to comfort or luxury.

Pronunciation

spartan

/ˈspɑːt(ə)n/

Main definitions of Spartan in English

: spartan1Spartan2Spartan3

Spartan2

adjective

  • Relating to Sparta in ancient Greece.

    • ‘My jaw literally dropped as the girl started picking out books about ancient Spartan history - senior school work.’
    • ‘With the collapse of Spartan hegemony in 371, the fragmentation of Greece was such that it became harder to find allies than to hire troops.’
    • ‘Those two aspects of Spartan culture and society by themselves make Sparta worthy of our continued study, but they far from exhaust Sparta's fascination.’
    • ‘While Athenian forces made raids and even established small coastal bases in Spartan territory, these forays were unable to inflict sufficient damage to aid the Athenian fight.’
    • ‘Throughout this ordeal he maintained a personal diary which records, in language of Spartan simplicity, the daily struggle against disease, cruelty, hopelessness, and death.’
    • ‘They were considered as mothers to all Spartan soldiers.’
    • ‘On the other hand, Spartan isolationism appeared as a direct threat to Athens.’
    • ‘A man in Spartan uniform stepped from the trees.’
    • ‘Jacomus drew his sword and plunged into battle with Spartan zeal.’
    • ‘At first he danced a solid, Spartan dance, then a rather more fey Athenian dance.’
    • ‘The military structure of Spartan society was shaped by the necessity of holding down the helot class that did all the actual work.’
    • ‘Did you know that Spartan boys training to be officers in their army were partnered up with a full-grown male ‘mentor’, and essentially made to be his wife for ten years?’
    • ‘There boys and girls alike competed naked, which got Spartan maidens the reputation for being rather fast.’
    • ‘The combination of this ideology, the education of Spartan males, and the disciplined maintenance of a standing army gave the Spartans much needed stability.’
    • ‘Thaddeus epitomized a Spartan athlete of ancient times, as did his older brother, Dmitri.’
    painful, not comfortable, intolerable, unbearable, disagreeable, excruciating, agonizing, confining, cramped, Spartan
    View synonyms

noun

  • A citizen of Sparta.

    • ‘The Spartans were the Dorian inhabitants of a Greek city-state in the Peloponnese that for many centuries was one of the greatest of Greek powers.’
    • ‘The Spartans finally won through Lysander's abilities as a general and his friendship with Cyrus, the son of the Persian King, who financed the Spartan navy more regularly and fully than it had been.’
    • ‘At the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War the Spartans slew any trader they caught sailing around their coast line, irrespective of their ethnicity.’
    • ‘The Athenians were surprised by the Corinthians and Spartans, and the fleet was almost completely destroyed.’
    • ‘Although the Spartans extended their territory, they did not extend their citizenship.’
    • ‘The Helots, and the Spartans ' severe treatment of them, at first puzzled and later disturbed the more sensitive Greek observers.’
    • ‘The Spartans viewed themselves as the true inheritors of the Greek tradition.’
    • ‘Athens was no longer the center of Hellenic civilization, having been defeated by the Spartans.’
    • ‘Before the wolves can get him, however, he is rescued by a wise old shepherd and brought up as a helot, one of the aboriginal population the Spartans have enslaved.’

Pronunciation

Spartan

/ˈspɑːt(ə)n/

Main definitions of Spartan in English

: spartan1Spartan2Spartan3

Spartan3

noun

  • A Canadian dessert apple of a variety with crisp white flesh and maroon-flushed yellow skin.

Pronunciation

Spartan

/ˈspɑːt(ə)n/