Definition of strophe in English:



  • 1The first section of an ancient Greek choral ode or of one division of it.

    Compare with antistrophe and epode (sense 2)

    ‘Most celebrated were the Epodes, songs in simple strophes usually made up of a hexameter or iambic trimeter plus one or two shorter cola.’
    • ‘For example, in Schubert's Heidenröslein three verses, or strophes, are set to the same melody, with no alterations to the voice part or the piano accompaniment.’
    • ‘It puts an end to the cyclic character of the six strophes and opens the door back into quotidian time.’
    • ‘One female sang two short strophes of a typically male song.’
    • ‘We measured song repertoire size as the number of different song figures in 25 consecutive song strophes.’
    • ‘Frequency and strophe length were measured in narrow and wide band modes, respectively.’
    • ‘The distance between the two vertical arrows indicates the strophe length.’
    stanza, strophe, stave, canto
    1. 1.1A structural division of a poem containing stanzas of varying line-length, especially an ode or free verse poem.
      ‘In some strophes of the poem I tried to depict the tempest, followed by the calm of the sea.’
      • ‘He believes that the syllable count of poetic lines, strophes, stanzas, and poems was essential to the writing of biblical poetry.’
      • ‘An ‘aria’ was distinguished from a ‘madrigal’ in having a strophic text, with the same music, or a variation of it, set to each strophe.’
      • ‘The order in strophe one appears in stanza two as 6 i, 5 2, 4 3.’
      • ‘Syllabic verse is generally organized in four-line strophes, whereas the number of lines in a rosc passage is not fixed.’
      • ‘Though the poems were in a European habit, Bialik imbues them with Biblical strophes, as well as prophetic metaphor, syntax, and meter.’



/ˈstrōfē/ /ˈstroʊfi/


Early 17th century from Greek strophē, literally ‘turning’, from strephein ‘to turn’ the term originally denoted a movement from right to left made by a Greek chorus, or lines of choral song recited during this.