Definition of sub in English:



  • 1A submarine.

    ‘the yachtsman claimed his boat had been sunk by a sub’
    • ‘Dr Mansell's most notable achievement was his role in establishing the remediation program for the Collins Class submarine and his work with the Navy to bring the subs to operational capability.’
    • ‘The hulls were ripped off the towed sub during a fierce storm and the submarine sank in 170 metres of water.’
    • ‘There's a good chance they could fire on one of our own subs if we had submarines looking as well.’
    • ‘A large mast with an opening at the top would extend out of the sail of the Kilo and suck in air to circulate around the sub while the submarine recharged.’
    • ‘Military sources here say Taiwan's navy favors German 209-class submarines or Dutch-designed Moray subs.’
    • ‘Upon returning to Australia, the sub will dock at Australian Submarine Corporation in Adelaide.’
    • ‘As part of the undertaking, another group of submarines was assigned to ferry two man midget subs tasked with penetrating Pearl Harbor from the sea at the same time the airmen attacked.’
    • ‘One submarine will play the role of a disabled sub and the rescue team must mate Remora with the boat and rescue crew members.’
    • ‘In the stormy waters off Western Australia recently it was sub versus sub in a game of cat and mouse.’
    • ‘With this complete, Remora carried out a touch and go, along with its first ‘mate’ with the disabled sub.’
    • ‘Raising the sub was no mean feat of underwater engineering - it weighed twenty-four thousand tons underwater and lay in 350 feet of water.’
    • ‘On a sub, you put out the fire, you stop the leak or you die.’
    • ‘Upon surfacing, the sub received message traffic to let them know what was going on.’
    • ‘The sub was at periscope depth for an estimated two minutes, performing scans at 60-foot and then 58-foot depths.’
    • ‘At the age of 60, the US-made sub is not only the Navy's longest-serving submarine but also the world's oldest submarine still in service.’
    • ‘At this late stage of the war, the German mine-laying subs were planting their cargoes close inshore, to catch Allied shipping hugging the coast in an effort to dodge U-boats operating in deeper waters.’
    • ‘Many ships carrying two or three Kingfishers operated in the South Atlantic, searching for subs and blockade runners.’
    • ‘They had contracts for 688-class submarines and just got contracts for the Trident sub.’
    • ‘Huge lead weights are then attached to the bottom of the sub and it sinks quickly.’
    • ‘In fact, one Russian submarine officer refused an order to fire a nuclear tipped missile at an American ship which was dropping depth charges onto the sub.’
    1. 1.1North American
      short for "submarine sandwich"
      ‘I made a silent bet with myself that I would ONLY stop if it were a TURKEY SUB day - subs aren't exactly on my diet.’
      short for "submarine sandwich"
      ‘Today, I kinda cheated on Lunchquest because I went back to The Goose, where I had a mushroom, peppers, and cheese melt sub, and a cup of coffee, all for £3.50.’
  • 2British A subscription.

    ‘the annual sub for the golf club will be £200’
    • ‘My own two boys play with local junior football clubs, where the annual subs are £50 per season, plus at least twice that amount supporting various fund-raising efforts.’
    • ‘Their joining fee was twice annual subscription up until September last year when they reduced it to the same as annual subs.’
    • ‘Enjoy it, because an annual sub is a heart-stopping $995 a year, discounted to $695 if you sign up now.’
    • ‘Sadly, many pay their subs and consider their contribution to society fulfilled, or on some perceived slight or disagreement, take their bat home, truly most can't be bothered.’
    • ‘It will cost Michael Vaughan another £14,000 initiation fee to join the golf club, plus subs of £4,500 a year.’
    • ‘Sound quality is great, and access costs either $4.99 per month, or $3.99 a month for an annual sub.’
    • ‘Your annual sub to your club includes a levy this year of R60 to the BGU.’
    • ‘To celebrate the tenth anniversary of the opening of the club there is a special offer of 500 which will cover the entry fees and sub until October 1 2004.’
    • ‘Additionally, Time Inc. has nearly 20 percent of its subs on credit cards.’
  • 3A substitute, especially in a sporting team.

    ‘the team pulled back with a goal from sub Chris Malkin’
    • ‘Widening the net, there is a whole football family Robinson christened Paul with enough having played at professional level to field a five-a-side team with two subs.’
    • ‘The remainder of the game saw the introduction of subs for both teams with Carlow introducing some significant players for next season's campaign.’
    • ‘In fact on one occasion when Kiltimagh were playing in a 7-a-side in Killasser he brought the whole team plus three subs to the game.’
    • ‘The two subs on the team were Stephen Doyle and David Kelly.’
    • ‘Waterford have included five seniors who played in the Munster championship against Tipperary and four subs in their team.’
    • ‘Kerry have a better balance all round; better team and better subs.’
    • ‘Before the game got under way one over active steward had the subs of the Tinnahinch team removed from the sideline.’
    • ‘It is hoped to send two teams from the parish through to the County Final in this category six members per team and two subs.’
    • ‘Each School is invited to field two seven-a-side teams with two subs for the prestigious event.’
    • ‘The delight of the Waterford team was clearly evident as subs and management alike smothered the goalscorer on the pitch.’
    • ‘To the relief of his team - mates, the sub headed home for the equaliser.’
    • ‘Two of Wicklow's six points came from Conor Flannery frees; two more were scored by last quarter subs and one by centre back Garry Doran, leaving Garrett Doyle the only forward to score from play.’
    • ‘Graiguecullen tried hard for a goal at the finish, introducing 4 subs, but failed.’
    • ‘Five Carlow and four Kerrymen walked to the line to be replaced by subs.’
    • ‘Maybe it is more the case that trying to defend a single goal lead and introducing late subs into the game that is not a good idea.’
    • ‘The other sub that day, making his debut, was Gary Smith, father of current Knights hero Chris.’
    • ‘It really is a twenty-man game now, and we showed that again by bringing on five subs and they all contributed.’
    • ‘Of course this wonderful win may not have been possible without the exceptional contribution of the subs, James Foody, Brian Curley, Chris Tuffy, Colin Morrison and Stephen Kilgannon.’
    • ‘But the key moment came when sub Dimitri Papadopoulos saw his penalty saved after Adie Williams handled Gareth Taylor's shot.’
    • ‘The accurate boot of Radley nudged them ahead with two penalties before Aussie sub Bob Wood crashed in for a maiden try that Radley converted.’
    replacement, deputy, relief, proxy, reserve, surrogate, cover, fill-in, stand-in, standby, locum, locum tenens, understudy, stopgap, alternative, ancillary
  • 4British A subeditor.

    ‘the chief sub would be responsible for the look of the paper’
    • ‘You've probably heard the term sub or subbing or sub-editor, but you may be unclear about what they actually do.’
    • ‘Nice to see the newspaper's subs parading their gleeful ignorance of elementary meteorology, just in case any of us remained in doubt.’
    • ‘As the ballot result was due, the company offered to scrap Saturday working for subs and reporters as a concession.’
    • ‘He is an adult education lecturer and I am a sub on a newspaper.’
    • ‘A smaller writing team means fewer editorial managers and fewer subs.’
    • ‘Mr Cusack had claimed that it was the reporters and subs who had borne the brunt of the job losses, rather than ‘the huge management structure on the editorial side.’’
    • ‘My earliest memories in journalism are of editors and subs drumming into the cadets the need to never assume your readers knew what you were talking about.’
    • ‘It's one which its author should have sat on for 24 hours, and then torn up, and one which a sensible newspaper sub would have rejected.’
    • ‘The successful candidate must have a minimum of two years experience as either a sub or copy editor, and have a good eye for detail as well as an impeccable demand of the English language.’
    • ‘Back in newsroom, subs anxiously await copy that they must check, correct and cut to fit their assigned pages, while Caroline, 16, puts the finishing touches to the paper.’
    • ‘But there is a ferocious chief sub somewhere, perhaps retired, possibly dead, whose voice was ringing in Alastair's ears as he read that original dossier.’
    • ‘The former chief sub who had been with the paper for eight years, was evidently marginalised and ostracised after a disagreement with the publisher.’
    • ‘These are written by an army of subs who, wherever you work, be it a top London broadsheet, or the tiniest local tabloid, are all of a breed.’
    • ‘It was then I discovered that our quiet chief sub was wickedly funny, totally irreverent, often cynical and very acerbic when occasion demanded it.’
    • ‘Our poor chief sub failed to notice that Salman Rushdie became Salmon.’
    • ‘After climbing through the Mirror's subbing ranks he moved to the Sun, where he was appointed chief sub.’
    • ‘There are two types of subs - layout subs and copy subs.’
  • 5British An advance or loan against expected income.

    ‘‘I've got no money.’ ‘Want a sub?’’
    • ‘I was horrified when I was told I would be two weeks in the job before I could get an advance sub, and it would be four weeks before I got my first wage.’
    • ‘Given the multiples in the marketplace today, why wouldn't you start a separate sub, get the people in there, and raise the funds you need to grow that thing in the capital market.’
    • ‘Outraged by the Government's threat to their sub post offices, people have signed petitions and written letters urging ministers to think again.’
    • ‘Dream has powerful analysis features through the use of an unlimited number of integrated sub ledgers, for instance, departments, projects, contracts and staff.’
    credit, advance

verbsubs, subbing, subbed

[with object]informal
  • 1Replace or be replaced; substitute.

    ‘he got a lot of applause when he was subbed’
    no object ‘he subbed for Armstrong at some gigs’
    • ‘Even though I filled in for Gallagher for only one day, while Treason author Ann Coulter subbed for two, I got three times as many emails from listeners about my show as she did about hers - nearly 900.’
    • ‘As for Brooks, who is very good on the PBS talking head circuit (I subbed for him a few years ago and I was a nervous wreck), more than anything else, I feel sad.’
    • ‘The DRC's Foreign Minister, Antoine Mangalibi, subbed for Kabila.’
    • ‘Says Kenny Wallace, who subbed for Harvick, ‘This is like any other job.’’
    • ‘Rookie Isaiah Smith subbed for George Brown on a few series against the Falcons.’
    • ‘A year ago, Jamie McMurray subbed for the injured Sterling Marlin in Ganassi's Winston Cup car, and won in only his second start in the premier stock car division.’
    • ‘But soon thereafter, McMurray subbed for the injured Sterling Marlin in Ganassi's No.40 Dodge and won at Charlotte.’
    • ‘Jamie McMurray, who officially will be a rookie in 2003, won in only his second Winston Cup start as he subbed for Marlin, who was injured.’
    • ‘McMurray splashed onto the Cup scene in October 2002 when he subbed for an injured Sterling Marlin at Charlotte.’
    • ‘He had been in the hospital and Roger had subbed for him.’
    • ‘Smith subbed for Chris Brown, who they announced was injured by Mike last week.’
    • ‘Wallace subbed for Johnny Benson, Nadeau's teammate, at Daytona last July when Benson was hurt.’
    • ‘Without Terry, the starting job falls to Floyd Womack, who has subbed for Terry in four games this season.’
    • ‘It reunited in 1996-with original bass player Glen Matlock subbing for his replacement, the late Sid Vicious - for a five-month world tour.’
    • ‘I subbed my way through several counties and taught in many different establishments from the ‘rough’ to the supposed ‘good’ schools.’
    • ‘Gary was going to start a nighttime variety show weekly and I subbed one night.’
    • ‘Tony Braysford (centre midfield) Didn't get his foot on the ball enough and was subbed at the break.’
    • ‘Edwards was recalled but was subbed at half-time after dropping a clanger in the 2-0 defeat by Leyton Orient in October.’
    • ‘I didn't do myself justice against Sarries and was subbed, but unfortunately by the time Tim Walsh came on the game was out of our hands.’
    • ‘He never really got into the game and was eventually subbed when Lee Cartwright, a natural in that role took over.’
    deputize, act as deputy, act as a substitute, fill in, sit in, stand in, act as stand-in, cover, act as locum, be a proxy, hold the fort
  • 2British Lend or advance a sum to (someone) against expected income.

    ‘who'll sub me till Thursday?’
    • ‘The fact that the parsimonious queen subbed him no less than £58,000 between 1586 and 1603 suggests tacit acceptance.’
    • ‘They even give us free cakes or croissants with our tea now and in the past have subbed us on the office-run when we've come out without enough money.’
    • ‘He hadn't got enough saved for it with having just been on holiday and he was trying to get his dad to sub him so that he could have it sooner rather than later.’
    • ‘He said ‘I'm gasping for a drink could you sub me some money.’’
    lend, loan, credit, pay in advance, supply on credit
  • 3Subedit.

    ‘his copy was mercilessly subbed and rewritten’
    • ‘One of them was a sub-editor who subs my work a lot so I ask her what the problems with my writing are, and she gave me pretty good tips.’
    • ‘I'll just have to do as much as I can on an email so she can at least sub the copy, and then post the proofs back over the weekend.’
    • ‘Together we evolved a monthly theme, subbed, rewrote and proofed the magazine.’
    • ‘You've probably heard the term sub or subbing or sub-editor, but you may be unclear about what they actually do.’
    • ‘Journalists had struck for one day over cuts and the centralisation of subbing across a number of titles.’
    • ‘I could read Anne Lamott all day, but Barbara Ehrenreich - while I love her books - was just too lecture-y for me when she subbed for Tom Friedman.’
    • ‘Obviously the links weren't subbed at all well.’
    • ‘I have really enjoyed subbing the paper as well.’
    • ‘Glyn learned subbing the old fashioned way, with paper and pencils and funny little rulers that tell you how many spaces and letters can fit on a line, depending on the size of the type.’
    • ‘Anyway, am subbing a couple of pieces on aphrodisiacs.’
    • ‘I spend half my time writing for it and most of the rest of the time subbing entries from people who visit the site.’
    • ‘It all starts with this post I wrote last week while subbing at the Daily Dish.’
    • ‘I certainly hope that if it's dubbed or subbed it'll be done respectfully and as accurately as possible.’
    • ‘I wouldn't say that I was born to do this job, but there is a certain aspect of my personality that suits the pettiness & grammatical obsessions of subbing.’