Definition of succumb in English:



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  • 1Fail to resist pressure, temptation, or some other negative force.

    ‘we cannot merely give up and succumb to despair’
    • ‘Young people who feel good about themselves are less likely to succumb to negative pressure.’
    • ‘The opposition will probably be forced to succumb to pressure from the West to join a national unity government.’
    • ‘But somebody somewhere in the industry might succumb to temptation.’
    • ‘Is there, I wonder, any danger Nel could succumb to the pressure?’
    • ‘Do not succumb to the temptation of jumping into impulsive and sensational outbursts of heavy workouts.’
    • ‘Indeed, in a critical aside on contemporary journalism, he sees how other editors succumb to temptations of this sort.’
    • ‘Her tastes are Brazilian-style barbecues and Japanese food but she does succumb to certain temptations.’
    • ‘And whoever gets selected for England will, in a pretty short period of time, succumb to the same forces.’
    • ‘And certain vicars choral did succumb to the temptation of female company.’
    • ‘Sooner or later, I fear, they will succumb to pressure from other, more powerful business interests.’
    • ‘For many, the quality of life has deteriorated and they succumb to pressure.’
    • ‘So should you stay grey, or succumb to the pressure to hit the bottle (of hair colorant)?’
    • ‘In due course, they succumb to his pressure and in his very presence fall into each other's arms.’
    • ‘Will they will stick to their ground and fight till the end, or succumb to the pressure?’
    • ‘Who but the dourest of indie-snob purists could fail to succumb to its heady delights?’
    • ‘They're about how these characters succumb to these pressures and these influences very much like we all do in our lives.’
    • ‘They also succumb to the pressure of having to wear many hats and not truly understanding the business.’
    • ‘Do not succumb to the temptation to reduce development time, stop time, or clearing time.’
    • ‘They have said they are not prepared to succumb to the pressure from the big countries that want everyone else to do as they say and not do as they do.’
    • ‘At the Olympics, the inexperienced juniors are bound to succumb to the intense pressure that will be exerted.’
    yield, give in, give way, submit, surrender, capitulate, cave in
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    1. 1.1Die from the effect of a disease or injury.
      ‘after a few blows there, the porcupine succumbs’
      • ‘Shot, gassed and riddled with shrapnel, Tu's father comes back from the Great War a cot-case who has to be nursed on the tribal lands by his wife Ma through his fits and moods until he finally succumbs to his injuries at the age of 39.’
      • ‘After the man succumbs to his injuries, Richard is blamed for his death but gives a false name to the police so as not to shame his family.’
      • ‘Had I not been able to find the money I believe I might well have succumbed to this terrible disease within a matter of months.’
      • ‘Scores of carriageworkers had already succumbed to diseases brought on by working with the man-made fibre.’
      • ‘Two more elephants are believed to have succumbed to the disease on Sunday.’
      • ‘Sandra succumbed to the disease, which had plagued her life for the past 13 years, last December.’
      • ‘They were immediately rushed to hospital where Amin succumbed to his injuries.’
      • ‘The injured were immediately rushed to hospital where Hamida succumbed to her injuries.’
      • ‘She later succumbed to her injuries and was pronounced dead at the Mayerthorpe Hospital.’
      • ‘In that time around 12 million sub-Saharan Africans have succumbed to the disease.’
      • ‘An injured student Irshad Ahmad Sheikh succumbed to his injuries on his way to hospital.’
      • ‘Both of them succumbed to their injuries, a couple of days later at a hospital in the city suburbs.’
      • ‘Eight passengers died on the spot and two others succumbed to their injuries in hospital.’
      • ‘Despite the efforts of local people to save her life, the girl succumbed to injuries.’
      • ‘Many of those who die as a result of the disease succumb in their 30s or 40s.’
      • ‘My mother, so vital to the end, finally succumbs to heart disease.’
      • ‘In fact, one out of every 2.4 women succumbs to heart disease, making it the leading cause of death among women.’
      • ‘These equations will involve both a rate of change of the proportion of the population succumbing to disease, and some unknown parameters, which we will consider shortly.’
      • ‘Men will also live for nine years longer without succumbing to heart disease, and those that do will suffer it for less years of their lives.’
      • ‘Eating less, Neandertals grew weak, succumbing more often to disease and other threats.’
      die from, die of, pass away as a result of, be a fatality of
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Late 15th century (in the sense ‘bring low, overwhelm’): from Old French succomber or Latin succumbere, from sub- ‘under’ + a verb related to cubare ‘to lie’.