Definition of sunburn in English:



mass noun
  • Reddening, inflammation, and, in severe cases, blistering and peeling of the skin caused by overexposure to the ultraviolet rays of the sun.

    ‘my hands and face were raw with sunburn’
    count noun ‘the sunburns on them stopped halfway up their foreheads’
    • ‘For example, a severe sunburn with peeling skin shows p53 in action causing programmed cell death of the skin.’
    • ‘Severe sunburn can cause red, sore, tender areas with blistering and peeling.’
    • ‘Sun exposure in childhood and having more than one blistering sunburn in childhood are associated with an increased risk of melanoma.’
    • ‘One severe sunburn early in life doubles the chances of future malignant melanoma.’
    • ‘When I was a kid, I had severe sunburns and skin cancer is in my family.’
    • ‘Children who have had a lot of sunburns or two blistering sunburns are at a greater risk for getting skin cancer.’
    • ‘Severe sunburn in childhood can significantly increase the chances of developing malignant melanoma in later life.’
    • ‘You're likely familiar with two of the more common sun-induced changes to your skin: suntan and sunburn.’
    • ‘Silicon and other minerals in oats help relieve the itching and inflammation of sunburn, says Cox.’
    • ‘Scores of Scots, including several children, needed hospital treatment for severe sunburn during last week's spell of hot weather.’
    • ‘While not as common as sunburn, skin cancer is also caused by over exposure to the sun and can be prevented by the same methods.’
    • ‘Arthritis, asthma and severe skin reactions to poison ivy or sunburn are just some of the disorders these drugs treat.’
    • ‘Finally, a man was admitted to hospital with severe sunburn.’
    • ‘This may result in severe sunburn that eventually may lead to cancer.’
    • ‘UVB causes sunburn and plays a significant role in skin cancers called basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.’
    • ‘Medical authorities recommend such measures to reduce the risk of sunburn and potential skin cancer due to prolonged exposure to the sun.’
    • ‘It is also known that melanoma, a potentially fatal skin cancer, is associated with blistering sunburns in childhood.’
    • ‘Then research showed that a severe sunburn or continuously tanned skin increases a person's chance of developing skin cancer.’
    • ‘These health effects include sunburn, skin cancer, cataracts and immune suppression.’
    • ‘The immediate effect of acute excess UV radiation exposure is well recognized amongst the lay public as severe sunburn.’

verbsunburns, sunburning, sunburned, sunburnt

be/get sunburned
  • 1Suffer from sunburn.

    ‘most of us managed to get sunburnt’
    • ‘I was beginning to feel that the back of my legs were sunburned.’
    • ‘If you should become sunburned, prevent further exposure and apply a moisturizing lotion; aspirin or acetaminophen may be given for pain.’
    • ‘The weather at Easter on the coast, despite forecasts of rain, was hot and sunny, and I managed to get seriously sunburned whilst snorkelling, despite applying huge amounts of sun tan lotion.’
    • ‘Imagine telling people you got sunburned on the Milford Track!’
    • ‘A massive 40 per cent of us are sun worshippers, according to one recent survey - but we are also aware of the dangers with 58 per cent saying they were concerned about getting sunburned.’
    • ‘Malignant melanoma is twice as common in women and those who were sunburned as children are most likely to develop the more serious strain of the disease, as are people who don't tan.’
    • ‘Dr Schweiger likened the effect to being sunburned but said he hoped there would be no long-term problems as a result of the incident.’
    • ‘One London expert has suggested that parents who allow their children to get sunburned should be prosecuted for neglect.’
    • ‘The first boy was white, in his teens, slim, with a shaved head and wearing jeans and was sunburned.’
    • ‘Since the Maldives are so near the equator, you should take care not to get sunburned.’
    • ‘Nobody ever thinks they will get sunburnt in this country but the reality is that while the temperatures are so high, it is a very big risk.’
    • ‘Dr. Merrithew also says their eyelids can be sunburned and they can suffer eye damage as well from too much sun exposure.’
    • ‘When we go there we know we will build sandcastles and get sunburnt and that the cafe menu never changes.’
    • ‘Do not overexpose the athletes to the sun during their without-water warm-ups as it can increase feelings of lethargy and sluggishness, athletes can get sunburnt and there is the danger of dehydration.’
    • ‘Since it was only three-thirty, the sun was still shining at its peak and I really didn't want to get sunburnt, so I kept my head down.’
    • ‘While the majority of people knew that smoking and getting sunburnt increased the danger of the disease, most were not aware of the importance of diet and alcohol in reducing cancer risks, according to a survey.’
    • ‘On the same scale, I'm not too fond of beach sand, I hate getting sunburnt, I don't drink much beer, I'm not crazy about sport, and I lived with my parents until I was 23.’
    • ‘Some recent research into the causes of malignant melanoma in adults suggests that getting badly sunburned as a child might have something to do with it.’
    • ‘My neck is ridiculously sunburned from Playland yesterday.’
    • ‘What people generally do is hire pushbikes and go cycling around the desert, visiting sites and getting sunburned.’
    burnt, peeling, inflamed, red, scarlet, blistered, blistering
    1. 1.1as adjective sunburned" or "sunburntTanned; brown from exposure to the sun.
      ‘a handsome sunburned face’
      • ‘You can determine the direction of the grain by locating the brown, sunburned side of the hole (due to the exposed roots) and know the grass is growing in that direction.’
      • ‘After telling my story of the previous day and evening and throwing the empty vodka bottle in the trash, a very sunburned Debbie and I, headed out to dinner at the Rockdell.’
      • ‘He returned after some time, with a sunburned face.’
      • ‘But this time round, their journey was far from calm and saw some sunburned faces turn rapidly into paler shades of green.’
      • ‘I finally emerge, sunburned and blinking, into the glare of an urban antiseptic airport in Melbourne, Australia.’
      • ‘Émile Zola admired their fine clear skin, like that of girls of the north of France, he thought, in contrast to the peaches from the Midi which were yellow and sunburned like the girls of that region.’
      • ‘On the level of slang, a redneck is a stereotypical member of the white rural working class in the Southern US, originally a reference to sunburned necks from working in the fields.’
      • ‘For sunburned skin or after exposure to strong sunshine, experts recommend a Swedish massage with Oil of Frankincense, blended with geranium and calming lavender.’
      • ‘I spare you the details and painful visuals of father and two sunburnt daughters walking for two hours to reach their beach destination.’
      • ‘Pale is beautiful in China - it marks out upmarket consumers from the country's 900 million sunburnt peasants.’
      • ‘Sitting in the lobby of Taj Coromandel and sipping a rich brew of cappuccino, pony-tailed and wearing sunburnt, athletic skin of a western beach boy, Nadaka seems far removed from the austerity of Auroville.’
      • ‘‘It has been the most successful marine event ever held in our city,’ a very sunburnt mayor of Waterford, Cllr Oliver Clery, said.’
      • ‘She is in her 70's, sunburnt, with a funny scar on her left arm that looks like it got caught in a giant zipper.’
      • ‘Separated, bought and sold numerous times, forced to travel hundreds of agonising miles, barefoot or bareback on camels, the mariners became human wrecks, starved, crippled, sick and sunburnt.’
      • ‘He looked terrible - completely sunburnt from the hard labour - and the lice are unbelievable.’
      • ‘These conditions are challenging - retaining acidity and preventing sunburnt fruit are two of the main problems - but the abundance of very young vines is still a huge factor limiting the overall quality.’
      • ‘This was unforgivable form - but I was hot, sweating, badly sunburnt, my feet were freezing, wet and blistered, I was frantic with thirst, hungry and utterly dispirited.’
      • ‘The delicate skin of the lips can easily become sunburned.’
      • ‘She swung her skinny, sunburned legs out from beneath the covers.’
      tanned, suntanned, brown, bronzed, bronze, browned, perma-tanned, weather-beaten
    2. 1.2no object Suffer from sunburn.
      ‘a complexion that sunburnt easily’
      • ‘We do know that adults with light skin, light colored hair and eyes, and those who sunburn easily are most likely to get skin cancer.’
      • ‘Sitting on the beach, on the north end of Monterosso, we all start to sunburn like Brits on holiday.’
      • ‘It is common in people who have red hair and in those who sunburn.’
      • ‘This risk is in part compounded when a person has a tendency to sunburn rather than tan and also has a history of cumulative sun exposure.’
      • ‘Avoid hanging them in direct sunlight as their tender leaves and blossoms will soon sunburn and die.’
      • ‘Taking too much off at once starves the roots and may cause new lower leaves to sunburn.’
      • ‘Well, the fairer skinned you are, the easier you sunburn, the more poorly you tan, the higher your risk.’
      • ‘One problem with tretinoin is increased sensitivity to sunburn.’
      • ‘A sunscreen with a SPF of 15 allows one to be outdoors for up to 15 times longer before the skin would sunburn.’
      • ‘He noted that the depigmented areas sunburned easily, causing considerable discomfort and restricting his ability to work outdoors or pursue other outdoor activities.’