Definition of surrogate in English:

surrogate

noun

  • 1A substitute, especially a person deputizing for another in a specific role or office.

    ‘she served as a surrogate for the President on a trip to South America’
    • ‘Not quite useful as measurements of scale, they could be understood to serve as surrogates for her own presence in the cinema of daily life.’
    • ‘In addition, a modified version of the portfolio traveled to sixteen venues between 1935 and 1937, with the photographs serving as surrogates for the objects themselves.’
    • ‘Like language, these photographs are surrogates for reality, full of meaning but incomplete in and of themselves.’
    • ‘The use of personal anecdotes about a few hundred students and a secretary as surrogates for the world economy disappointed.’
    • ‘In an ordinary presidential election, the winner enjoys the right to call the shots on policy as the political surrogate for the electoral majority.’
    • ‘It's experts who can inspect, audit, and review, acting as surrogates for the importing party.’
    • ‘Explorers became the conventional heroes of colonial Australia, surrogates for the warriors Australia did not have.’
    • ‘In representing American economic interests in the absence of a tangible American presence, Fort Union was a surrogate for federal authority.’
    • ‘The sequence-structure distance can be interpreted as a surrogate for the difference in energies between an ancestral and a descendant protein.’
    • ‘Some Balts hoped that, if and when they joined the EU, it would be a surrogate for a formal military alliance.’
    • ‘The road, both a participant in and a generator of vistas, becomes a surrogate for the human presence.’
    • ‘Discuss the patient's need to make advance directives and to identify surrogates for medical and legal decision-making.’
    • ‘People tend to project disgust properties onto groups of people in their own society who come to figure as surrogates for people's anxieties about their own animality.’
    • ‘Using outcome surrogates can decrease both study duration and sample size.’
    • ‘In contrast to true surrogates, estimator surrogates have true surrogates as their intended objects of representation.’
    • ‘Whereas estimator surrogates, they argue, are subject to empirical justification, true surrogates are still dependent on convention.’
    • ‘Outcome surrogates must be carefully validated to avoid misleading results.’
    • ‘In contrast, in the local strategy, some biodiversity surrogates may not achieve their target.’
    • ‘Before enrollment in the study, each patient or the patient's designated healthcare surrogate provided written informed consent.’
    • ‘A written informed consent was obtained from patients' surrogates after describing the nature and the purpose of the study.’
    substitute, proxy, replacement
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1
      ‘the guidelines clearly mention the rights of surrogates and prospective parents’
      ‘their daughter was born via surrogate on March 25th’
      • ‘He went to a fertility clinic and hired a surrogate to have his baby.’
      • ‘Anna would serve as a surrogate and carry the Calverts' fertilized egg.’
      • ‘The infertile couple located a surrogate through an agency.’
      • ‘We should tell the government she is not a surrogate, but girlfriend of the father.’
      • ‘She looked straight at Becky, ‘Suppose I act as a surrogate for you?’’
      • ‘If a surrogate's baby is born with serious birth defects, the parent may eventually obtain custody.’
      • ‘In some situations, if a surrogate wants to take the money and keep the baby, there is very little that the intended parents can do about it.’
      • ‘There should be a cooling off period between a woman agreeing to be a surrogate and becoming pregnant to ensure she has time to reconsider.’
      • ‘All she dreams of is that the surrogate gets pregnant so she can return to India and pick up a healthy baby for the long trip home.’
      • ‘Her eggs could be fertilized with her partner's sperm, and the surrogate could become pregnant through IVF.’
    2. 1.2(in the Christian Church) a bishop's deputy who grants marriage licences.
    3. 1.3(in the US) a judge in charge of probate, inheritance, and guardianship.

adjective

attributive
  • 1Relating to the birth of a child or children by means of surrogacy.

    ‘paperwork that will allow them to move forward with the surrogate process’
    1. 1.1Denoting a child to whom a woman gives birth as a surrogate mother.
      ‘she has given birth to three surrogate babies’

Origin

Early 17th century from Latin surrogatus, past participle of surrogare ‘elect as a substitute’, from super- ‘over’ + rogare ‘ask’.

Pronunciation

surrogate

/ˈsʌrəɡət/