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1The name of two semi-legendary Etruscan kings of ancient Rome; anglicized name Tarquin.
- 1.1Tarquinius Priscus, reigned c.616–c.578 BC; full name Lucius Tarquinius Priscus. According to tradition he was murdered by the sons of the previous king.
- 1.2Tarquinius Superbus, reigned c.534–c.510 BC; full name Lucius Tarquinius Superbus; known as Tarquin the Proud. According to tradition he was the son or grandson of Tarquinius Priscus. Noted for his cruelty, he was expelled from the city and the Republic was founded. He repeatedly, but unsuccessfully, attacked Rome, assisted by Lars Porsenna.
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