Definition of temperamental in English:


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  • 1(of a person) liable to unreasonable changes of mood.

    ‘a temperamental engine that had a way of conking out when put in gear’
    • ‘Tina bit her lip, wondering what kind of a mood her temperamental friend was in.’
    • ‘He might be a volatile, temperamental person but, she did not think that he was actually dangerous.’
    • ‘Her character is a fiery, temperamental woman who likes to get her own way.’
    • ‘The players are not temperamental or emotional; they just get on with the job.’
    • ‘Yes, but they didn't want the temperamental personality.’
    • ‘She was a temperamental person and considerably forgetful.’
    • ‘I am a temperamental person myself, so I probably would've lashed out myself.’
    • ‘Both men were temperamental and subject to long periods of brooding followed by explosive outbursts of anger.’
    • ‘I am quite temperamental and if I think I've been treated unfairly it can cook up and then I boil over.’
    • ‘He was temperamental, a kind of simple man, withdrawn, a loner.’
    • ‘He is a very temperamental player, maybe too much sometimes.’
    • ‘This friend is rather temperamental and I don't know how they'll react.’
    • ‘He was sometimes a gruff and temperamental man, but his sense of humour came through in so many of his finest songs.’
    • ‘Somehow the cameraman failed to achieve this, prompting an outburst from the temperamental artist.’
    • ‘I guess that would explain why he's so temperamental.’
    • ‘My mother always told me I was too temperamental for my own good.’
    • ‘In the flesh, he was temperamental, and on the stage, wildly dramatic.’
    • ‘Alone in my room, I collapsed on my bed like a temperamental teenager and proceeded to drench my pillow with tears.’
    • ‘After saying that she realized it probably wasn't the best thing she could say to a temperamental customer.’
    • ‘He started to find that he was increasingly temperamental around Alexandra.’
    volatile, excitable, emotional, overemotional, mercurial, capricious, erratic, unpredictable, changeable, inconsistent, unstable, hot-headed, fiery, explosive, hot-tempered, short-tempered, quick-tempered, irritable, irascible, impatient, petulant, prima donna-ish, melodramatic
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  • 2Relating to a person's temperament.

    ‘they were firm friends in spite of temperamental differences’
    • ‘And there are temperamental differences among children.’
    • ‘And these religious temperamental differences of course, they're very much prominent in their literary output and their way of life.’
    • ‘Any mother of more than one child can see temperamental differences in her offspring almost from the moment of birth, qualities which only become more pronounced as her children age.’
    • ‘No area of disagreement between Jung and Freud reflected more clearly the temperamental differences between them than their respective attitude to symbols.’
    • ‘It made no allowances for cultural, regional, political or temperamental differences.’
    • ‘The final remedy given is usually that which matches the child's physical and temperamental constitution at birth.’
    • ‘Empirical studies have shown that different temperamental characteristics of the child elicit different parenting practices.’
    inherent, innate, natural, inborn, constitutional, deep-rooted, ingrained, congenital
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/ˌtemp(ə)rəˈmen(t)l/ /ˌtɛmp(ə)rəˈmɛn(t)l/