Definition of topography in English:



mass noun
  • 1The arrangement of the natural and artificial physical features of an area.

    ‘the topography of the island’
    • ‘The site plan responds to the site's topography, respecting natural arroyos and ridges.’
    • ‘However, there is a potential for increased tourism because of the natural beauty and varied topography and because the country is unspoiled and inexpensive.’
    • ‘It lies on a chalk knoll, its natural topography having been sculptured and modelled through successive phases of construction and reconstruction.’
    • ‘The volcanic vista in Lava Lake also features designed topography, including striped atolls from which astronautlike figures survey the swirling red seas of their planet.’
    • ‘Talpacific Holidays is putting the boot into New Zealand with escorted walking tours through some of the country's most spectacular topography and active wildlife areas.’
    • ‘They also recognize a broad variety of contexts, including physical topography, other human landscape artefacts and religious or cultural beliefs about the landscape.’
    • ‘Situated 20 km from the centre of Budapest in rolling countryside, the track climbs and falls around the natural topography.’
    • ‘In most of the landscape, these form areas of relatively featureless topography as they are easily eroded.’
    • ‘‘It was a great site to work with, with natural topography and sand and gravel, which really allowed us to go crazy,’ said Eitelman.’
    • ‘At the time, project planners were hell-bent on sticking a shopping center underneath the school, and they carved away much of the natural topography in the process.’
    • ‘Vernal pools are shallow depressions in the natural topography that have hard pan, impermeable hard pan, beneath them and when the winter rains come they fill with water.’
    • ‘Squares and rectangles are the main planning module and these warp into parallelograms to accommodate the natural topography.’
    • ‘This use of the available topography provided natural insulation that kept the cellars an even, cool temperature.’
    • ‘Of course, Stane Street was not totally straight: it had to take into account the undulations and natural barriers of British topography.’
    • ‘Its blast was bigger than ‘Little Boy's’ but its impact was reduced by the natural topography of the city.’
    • ‘The reservoir is an example of using natural topography for rainwater harvesting.’
    • ‘To evade mountain lions and other predators they need both steep topography and open terrain.’
    • ‘The islands' topography includes such diverse features as active volcanos, grassy pastures, and endless stretches of beach.’
    • ‘The weather and seasons in the Greater Middle East, and related matters of terrain and topography, present a very mixed and varied picture.’
    • ‘The crescent of land that crowns Michigan's lower peninsula offers perfect topography, soil, views and weather.’
    landscape, countryside, country, terrain, topography, setting, surroundings, environment
    1. 1.1count noun A detailed description or representation on a map of the physical features of an area.
      • ‘The exhibition studies immigration patterns in the region as well as the blend of the urban, suburban and wilderness topographies of West Coast cities.’
      • ‘Exploration, like with Knights of the Old Republic, is performed in fully rendered 3D environments that are loaded with tons of detail, assorted interactive personalities, and large open range topographies.’
      • ‘And this percentage is even greater when aerial topographies are used.’
      • ‘Their parallel arts of word and legend encompass the omniglot signifiers of religious, political, military, philosophical, technical rural, urban, economic, generational, and ethnic topographies.’
      • ‘To remove high frequency noise, the topographies were processed by a Gaussian spatial filter (Ï = 1.5, 21 × 21 matrix).’
      • ‘She has long been creating terrestrial and aerial topographies, and the installation anticipates her own design for the Roman museum itself (scheduled for completion in 2004).’
      • ‘By training the telescope on the edge of the sun, the researchers depicted the three-dimensional topographies of the granules, which last 6 to 10 minutes.’
      • ‘The argument is built on speculative interpretations of bones, artifacts, and site topographies each of which can be replaced by alternative interpretations.’
      • ‘A casual viewer might think that the artist has painstakingly built up these colorful topographies with paint alone.’
      • ‘The study begins with a detailed topography of Augsburg's taverns, locating them firmly in the urban landscape.’
      • ‘He called up a topography map of the area and overlaid the data from the tornado's path on it.’
      • ‘What resembles from afar a tarp-covered car turns out, on closer inspection, to be a brown cloth hillock stitched with an abstract topography.’
      • ‘Shaking his head, he crossed over and took out a topography map.’
      • ‘Detailed maps that include topography, back roads and waterways as small as creeks are a must.’
  • 2Anatomy Biology
    The distribution of parts or features on the surface of or within an organ or organism.

    • ‘The use of atomic force microscopy has recently allowed measurement of the endothelial surface topography in vitro for the first time.’
    • ‘The outcome of infection depends mainly on the severity and topography of histological gastritis, which may be determined by the age at which infection is acquired.’
    • ‘Second, the cellular surface topography is different.’
    • ‘The surface topography of the silicified microbe is controlled by the size and distribution of the opal-A spheres.’
    • ‘A computer, programmed with the patient's refraction and corneal topography, controls the laser beam to precisely remove corneal tissue.’
    • ‘They use a surface topography conducive to generating new bone growth.’
    • ‘Studies in migrant Asians comparing body fat topography with that in Caucasians have confirmed similar findings.’
    • ‘Pattern formation in either or both membrane composition and topography at the junction between a cell or a lipid vesicle and a surface, has been noted for decades.’
    • ‘Various topographies in phospholipid bilayers, such as vacancies/holes, protrusions, channels, and blisters have been imaged by AFM.’


Late Middle English via late Latin from Greek topographia, from topos ‘place’ + -graphia (see -graphy).