Definition of trench fever in English:

trench fever


  • A highly contagious rickettsial disease transmitted by lice, that infected soldiers in the trenches in World War I.

    ‘The body louse, Pediculus humanus corporis, is a vector of epidemic typhus, trench fever, and relapsing fever.’
    • ‘Body lice may transmit typhus and trench fever.’
    • ‘B quintana, transmitted by the human body louse, causes trench fever, characterised by fever, rash, bone pain, and splenomegaly.’
    • ‘Body lice are associated with severe systemic diseases such as typhus and trench fever.’
    • ‘Although not lethal, trench fever could incapacitate a soldier, ‘and accounted for about 15% of all cases of sickness in the British Army.’’
    • ‘He was saved only by trench fever, a form of typhoid spread by lice.’
    • ‘Tolkien knew this tragedy well, having spent months on a World War I battlefield before succumbing to trench fever and witnessing the death of all but one of his closest friends.’
    • ‘Mr Davis - who escaped the bloody battle of the Somme in 1916 because he contracted trench fever - was the oldest survivor of the war, said the World War One Veterans' Association.’
    • ‘Tolkien himself, a signals officer who served in the Battle of the Somme, was invalided home with trench fever after five months.’
    • ‘Owen, who was suffering from trench fever, edited the hospital magazine The Hydra (a pun on Hydro) and nervously approached Sassoon to ask him to sign several copies of The Old Huntsman.’
    • ‘Diarrhoea and vomiting affected everyone, as did the fiery aches and pains of trench fever, or ‘pyrrhexia of unknown origin’ as Captain Ivoro insisted on calling it.’
    • ‘He died in 1917 from trench fever caught second-hand from an interviewee just back from the front.’


trench fever

/trenCH ˈfēvər/ /trɛntʃ ˈfivər/