Definition of triumvirate in English:


Pronunciation /trīˈəmvərət/ /traɪˈəmvərət/ /trīˈəmvəˌrāt/ /traɪˈəmvəˌreɪt/


  • 1(in ancient Rome) a group of three men holding power, in particular (the First Triumvirate) the unofficial coalition of Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus in 60 BC and (the Second Triumvirate) a coalition formed by Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian in 43 BC.

    1. 1.1A group of three powerful or notable people or things existing in relation to each other.
      ‘a triumvirate of three former executive vice presidents’
      • ‘Finally, in the last few days, IBM, the father of PC technology, has added its corporate voice to those of this powerful triumvirate.’
      • ‘He provided the balance within the ruling triumvirate, holding command over the 45,000-strong army.’
      • ‘Under a ruling triumvirate, no one executive has clear control.’
      • ‘In the Bacon Labor Government three men were invariably referred to as the triumvirate and credited with being the power behind the Tasmanian Government's success.’
      • ‘The men wearing numbers 5, 6 and 35 make up a defensive triumvirate as formidable, aggressive, powerful and obdurate as any in the club's history.’
      • ‘The government has also organized a triumvirate merger between three state-owned financial institutions.’
      • ‘For now there are two rival triumvirates - main owner, dedicated trainer and retained jockey - fighting it out for supremacy.’
      • ‘The great triumvirate of white South African novelists share obvious preoccupations in the new South Africa.’
      • ‘In 1923, as he fought for ‘proletarian democracy’ against the triumvirate led by Stalin, he changed his mind again, but by then he was too involved to speak decisively.’
      • ‘But I do know there is a greater prospect he will seek a bit of equity in the distribution of investment and development of infrastructure than the present triumvirate.’
      • ‘Hermione isn't portrayed as the main character but she is the main source of knowledge, even wisdom, I would say, and adds strength in the triumvirate.’
      • ‘He shot into fame as one of the triumvirate during an All-India agitation against the partition of Bengal.’
      • ‘It should have focused the minds, but Liverpool were still looking lethargic, with the striking triumvirate remarkably light on goalscoring opportunities.’
      • ‘The three brothers made an unlikely triumvirate.’
      • ‘‘It was thought we'd be quite a good triumvirate,’ he explains.’
      • ‘The unpalatable truth, which the cosy triumvirate of mainstream parties refuse to face, is that there is not, and never has been a liberal consensus in this country.’
      • ‘The deadlocked triumvirate of urban political authority was unable to effect the economic changes necessary to revitalize the local economy.’
      • ‘However, Elizabeth, James and Henry formed a triumvirate of monarchs, to which Essex, as her creature, could not aspire.’
      • ‘But that did not happen, and the House of Lords survived in a triumvirate with the king and Commons.’
      • ‘The executive power was vested in a triumvirate that was even more moderate than the assembly.’
  • 2The office of triumvir in ancient Rome.

    • ‘In 36, Octavian defeated Pompey's son Sextus Pompeius at Naulochus, and also ousted Lepidus from the triumvirate.’
    • ‘Mark Antony has been spending his time in Egypt with his mistress, Cleopatra, and neglecting his duties as part of the triumvirate of Rome.’
    • ‘In the wake of his death, three men moved forward to form a new triumvirate which would punish Caesar's assassins and then divide up the Roman world.’
    • ‘Antony emerged triumphant and the dominant partner of the triumvirate, while Octavian's seeming cowardice caused a severe if temporary setback to his ambitions.’


Late 16th century from Latin triumviratus, from triumvir (see triumvir).



/trīˈəmvərət/ /traɪˈəmvərət/ /trīˈəmvəˌrāt/ /traɪˈəmvəˌreɪt/