Definition of turbulence in English:


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  • 1Violent or unsteady movement of air or water, or of some other fluid.

    ‘the plane shuddered as it entered some turbulence’
    • ‘Frictional turbulence is where a layer of wind passing across land or sea generates disturbances within itself.’
    • ‘Turbidity currents are high-density flows in which the sediment is supported by the upward component of fluid turbulence.’
    • ‘His doctoral dissertation, presented to Munich in 1923, was on turbulence in fluid streams.’
    • ‘This is the best time to avoid turbulence either from possible thunderstorms or heat convection from the sun.’
    • ‘What seemed like hours later, I felt the floor beneath me shake violently like turbulence and it never stopped.’
    • ‘Sienna's year has been marked by violent or overwhelming turbulence or upheaval.’
    • ‘There is nothing intrinsically non-deterministic about turbulence.’
    • ‘The turbulence in the wake of an airplane can be extremely dangerous to other aircraft.’
    • ‘Reynolds also noticed that once the turbulence started, the fluid dragged.’
    • ‘The turbulence shook the jet like an earthquake high in the air.’
    • ‘They create enough turbulence in the river of water flowing along the ski base to break the suction.’
    • ‘The counter-rotating shafts create a high degree of turbulence from a single electric motor.’
    • ‘Movement of the gas near the surface causes vigorous turbulence that produces a broad spectrum of random noises.’
    • ‘The plane landed after a harrowing trip through heart stopping turbulence.’
    • ‘Computer models of the building form showed how it could be modified to minimize wind turbulence at the base.’
    • ‘The entire ship trembled slightly as it ran through severe turbulence.’
    • ‘We were knocked about like a bucket of bolts as we passed through heavy turbulence.’
    • ‘It is extremely uncomfortable as the plane is thrown around violently, in the worst turbulence imaginable.’
    • ‘Water is naturally pure and clear, though its turbulence may stir up mud from below.’
    • ‘There will still be some turbulence to the north of the plateau, but the water above the Pit will be calm.’
    rough air currents, irregular atmospheric motion, uneven air movement
    roughness, storminess, tempestuousness, heaviness, violence, wildness, choppiness, agitation
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    1. 1.1Conflict; confusion.
      ‘a time of political turbulence’
      • ‘The political and economic turbulence of the Civil War years intensified their troubles.’
      • ‘What is happening is that all this turbulence and confusion makes us nervous and defensive.’
      • ‘They would not carry the research overheads of universities and would remain free of political turbulence.’
      • ‘After World War I increasing poverty of the masses led to political turbulence.’
      • ‘If drug stocks hit more turbulence in this stormy political season, we may hear plenty about who is selling them.’
      • ‘Despite all tumult and turbulence, one after all, had to carry on.’
      • ‘Rivalry is a groundswell word, suggesting turbulence by its very sound.’
      • ‘Not only does trouble run in streaks but turbulence tends to cluster.’
      • ‘Gandhi's answer to the turbulence was to fast until the protagonists stopped their battles!’
      • ‘But she was soon caught up in the turbulence of the day, as the age of politicians had arrived.’
      • ‘A few months later, her relationship with Greg had been going through some turbulence.’
      turmoil, instability, conflict, upheaval, tumult, troubles, unrest, ferment, disorder, disruption, disturbance, chaos, confusion
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/ˈtərbyələns/ /ˈtərbjələns/


Late Middle English from Old French, or from late Latin turbulentia, from turbulentus ‘full of commotion’ (see turbulent).