Definition of turgid in English:


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  • 1Swollen and distended or congested.

    ‘a turgid and fast-moving river’
    • ‘Pale sunlight filters through the trees that overhang the water's edge, throwing veiled patches of gold onto the turgid brown river where cattle drink under the watchful eye of a young herdsman.’
    • ‘She talked of her French ancestors who swam 30 miles down the turgid Mississippi river from Canada to St. Paul, Minnesota.’
    • ‘The river is a brown, turgid worm as broad as a peaty salmon-spawn stream.’
    • ‘Last month more than 35,000 salmon died in the Klamath River, smothered by low flows and turgid waters.’
    • ‘The pace was surprisingly quick considering some of the turgid stuff played in Ebdon's previous match, although the 30-year-old had promised to play a more open game against the fourth seed.’
    swollen, congested
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    1. 1.1(of language or style) tediously pompous or bombastic.
      ‘some turgid verses on the death of Prince Albert’
      • ‘Its style is turgid and convoluted.’
      • ‘The style was turgid, the characters were poorly outlined and too ‘original’.’
      • ‘The majority of them are written in a boring, turgid style.’
      • ‘The style is rather turgid, and the author is so wrapped up in ‘discourse theory’ that he loses sight of the issues themselves.’
      • ‘Breakfast rooms across India display a vista of glazed eyes ploughing wearily through the turgid, circumlocutory language of the morning papers.’
      • ‘Faced with this tediously turgid presentation, my eyes glossed over, and only masochistic perseverance got me through.’
      • ‘Matters aren't helped either by her desperately turgid prose style, which is likely to turn off all but the most conscientious of readers.’
      • ‘I observed that his prose was turgid and his character pompous, which is correct on both counts.’
      • ‘The book has its tedious and turgid passages, but the work is held together by a genuine sense of protest, first of all, against the brutality and irrationality of the penal system.’
      • ‘Much of what passes for architectural writing, particularly in academia, is turgid and stilted.’
      • ‘The crowd of nearly 13,000 were left to ponder on a turgid first half, but any thoughts that they were being short-changed were quickly dispelled when the teams reappeared.’
      • ‘Sir Samuel has a flowing style of writing that never gets bogged down or turgid.’
      • ‘The movie is a turgid, pretentious piece of work that may have played well on the page, but is too heavy and slow-moving to work on the big screen.’
      • ‘The writing style I found to be turgid, which from a professor of communications is a rather frightening concept.’
      • ‘I do understand the instinct of journalists to translate turgid legal verbiage into clear language.’
      • ‘They eschew narrative, write in turgid, jargon-ridden prose and concentrate on micro-topics instead of the big picture.’
      • ‘They might think it sounds horribly self-important, turgid, avant-garde and inaccessible.’
      • ‘As an orator or ‘communicator’ he was terrible, with one turgid cliché following another, delivered in a folksy drone punctuated by wags of the head.’
      • ‘Some entries are rather turgid, and others wonderfully pretentious.’
      • ‘The Official is a turgid, overlong, and repetitive mix, with precious few hooks to make the ferocious, concussive breakbeats go down more easily.’
      bombastic, pompous, overblown, overripe, inflated, high-flown, affected, pretentious, grandiose, florid, flowery, ornate, magniloquent, grandiloquent, rhetorical, oratorical, orotund
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/ˈtərjəd/ /ˈtərdʒəd/


On the differences in use between turgid and turbid, see turbid


Early 17th century from Latin turgidus, from turgere ‘to swell’.