Main definitions of varna in English

: varna1Varna2

varna1

noun

  • Each of the four Hindu castes, Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra.

    ‘Hinduism recognises four varnas based on occupation (jati or jat) and ancestry.’
    • ‘Strictly speaking, class and caste are different social institutions, though castes are often assumed to fit into the four varnas.’
    • ‘Vedic civilization is based on four varnas (divisions of society), but there are people who do not fit within these four.’
    • ‘Traditionally, there were four main varnas, plus one group of outsiders.’
    • ‘The varna of a person almost entirely depends on training and circumstances.’
    class, social class, order, social order, social division, grade, grading, group, grouping, station, stratum, echelon, rank, level, degree, set

Pronunciation

varna

/ˈvärnə/ /ˈvɑrnə/

Origin

Sanskrit, literally ‘color, class’.

Main definitions of Varna in English

: varna1Varna2

Varna2

proper noun

  • A port and resort in eastern Bulgaria, on the western shores of the Black Sea; population 318,313 (2008).

Pronunciation

Varna

/ˈvärnə/ /ˈvɑrnə/