Definition of Villafranchian in English:

Villafranchian

adjective

  • Relating to or denoting an age (or stage) in Europe crossing the boundary of the Upper Pliocene and Lower Pleistocene, lasting from about 3 to 1 million years ago.

    ‘very early and primitive human occupation was found in association with a Villafranchian fauna’
    • ‘In the early Villafranchian age we still see Ursus minimus around, although he has changed a bit.’
    • ‘The medium-height terrace of La Nerthe contains a smaller amount of of Villafranchian pebbles.’
    • ‘The Poggio Rosso fauna, yet to be paleontologically determined, and the other late Villafranchian faunas collected in the Upper Valdarno from the Montevarchi complex fit a similar time span.’
    • ‘Perhaps the best collection of these Villafranchian animals is contained in the Museum of Geology and Paleontology, a branch of the Florence Museum of Natural History.’
    • ‘The carnivore fauna demonstrates the typical middle Villafranchian association with Homotherium crenatidens, Pliocrocuta perrieri and Nyctereutes megamastoides.’

noun

the Villafranchian
  • An age or stage in Europe that crossed the boundary of the Upper Pliocene and Lower Pleistocene, lasting from about 3 to 1 million years ago, or the system of deposits laid down during it.

    ‘evidence soon accumulated to indicate that the climate had been fairly cold in the Villafranchian’

Origin

Late 19th century from French villafranchien, from Villafranca d'Asti, the village in northern Italy near which exposures of this period occur.

Pronunciation

Villafranchian

/ˌvɪləˈfraŋkɪən/