Definition of wurtzite in English:


Pronunciation /ˈwərtsīt/ /ˈwərtsaɪt/


  • A mineral consisting of zinc sulfide, typically occurring as brownish-black pyramidal crystals.

    ‘Barite, sphalerite, and calcite are the most abundant vein minerals; pyrite, kaolinite, chalcopyrite, galena, and wurtzite are less common.’
    • ‘Vein minerals are barite, calcite, chalcopyrite, kaolinite, pyrite, sphalerite, and wurtzite.’
    • ‘The Yaogangxian mine is a world-class locality for not only fluorite but also for arsenopyrite, bournonite, stannite, wurtzite, and ferberite.’
    • ‘Sphalerite is trimorphous with matraite and wurtzite.’
    • ‘Fine specimens of wurtzite, stannite, bismuthinite, and franckeite are relatively common at Llallagua.’


Mid 19th century from the name of Charles A. Wurtz (1817–84), French chemist, + -ite.