Definition of xanthene in English:

xanthene

Pronunciation /ˈzanTHēn/ /ˈzænθin/

noun

Chemistry
  • A yellowish crystalline compound, whose molecule contains two benzene rings joined by a methylene group and an oxygen atom, and whose derivatives include brilliant, often fluorescent, dyes such as fluorescein and rhodamines.

    Chemical formula: C₁₃H₁₀O

    • ‘Some other dye systems are based on the chromophores triphenylmethane, xanthene, anthroquinone, indigo, and phthalocyanine.’

Origin

Late 19th century from Greek xanthos ‘yellow’+ -ene.