Definition of xenon in English:

xenon

(also Xe)

Pronunciation /ˈzēˌnän/ /ˈziˌnɑn/ /ˈzenˌän/ /ˈzɛnˌɑn/

Translate xenon into Spanish

noun

  • The chemical element of atomic number 54, a member of the noble gas series. It is obtained by distillation of liquid air, and is used in some specialized electric lamps.

    ‘In the same year, Ramsay and Travers discovered two other noble gases, xenon and neon.’
    • ‘A plasma monitor often consists of two panels, which are filled with an inert gas, such as xenon or neon.’
    • ‘It consists of a tube filled with xenon gas, with electrodes on either end and a metal trigger plate at the middle of the tube.’
    • ‘A cathode emits a stream of electrons that collides with neutral atoms of xenon, a gaseous element, in a chamber.’
    • ‘They attributed those lines to the presence of three new elements, which they named neon, krypton, and xenon.’
    • ‘A 250 W xenon arc lamp and a mechanical chopper provided the analyzing beam.’
    • ‘Plus, xenon happens to be a noble gas, which means it won't corrode or otherwise interact chemically with anything.’
    • ‘We've also lost other gases like nitrogen, xenon, krypton - they've all been lost from the atmosphere.’
    • ‘Krypton and xenon also find commercial lighting applications.’
    • ‘It doesn't matter what the club is made of - wood, steel, graphite, titanium, xenon, ytterbium or zirconium.’
    • ‘A Lo255 Oriel xenon lamp was employed as detecting light source.’
    • ‘We're using our big laser system to study the detailed atomic physics of xenon with other alkalis besides rubidium, such as cesium and potassium.’
    • ‘In the early 1960s, a number of chemists found ways of making compounds of some noble gases, including radon, xenon, and krypton.’
    • ‘For visible-light applications using halogen or xenon lamps, an aluminum-silicon-oxide coating is also available.’
    • ‘He estimates future conversion efficiencies of several percent with tin, whereas xenon has a 1% limit.’
    • ‘As the Earth rotates, these orientations change and the small difference between the helium and xenon frequencies would therefore change with time.’
    • ‘The presence of xenon in such lamps results in a very bright, sun-like light used in photographic flash units, strobe lights, and airport runway lights.’
    • ‘The problem with using xenon as a target material is that it is only liquid over a very small temperature range of four degrees, which has provided us with some interesting challenges.’
    • ‘Along with helium, neon, argon, krypton, and xenon, it is classed as an inert gas within group 0 of the periodic table.’
    • ‘All are present in the gas as the monatomic elements and argon, krypton, and xenon undergo condensation to either ices or clathrate hydrates at sufficiently low temperatures.’

Origin

Late 19th century from Greek, neuter of xenos ‘strange’.