Synonyms of abstain in English:

abstain


See definition of abstain

verb

1‘during Lent, Benjamin abstained from wine’

SYNONYMS
refrain, desist, hold back, forbear, keep
renounce, avoid, shun, eschew, abandon, abjure, forgo, go without, do without
refuse, decline
give up, have done with
informal cut out, kick, quit, jack in, pack in
ANTONYMS

indulge in

2‘our advice is about sensible drinking, not about abstaining’

SYNONYMS
be teetotal, be a teetotaller, take the pledge
deny oneself
informal be on the wagon
ANTONYMS

drink

3‘262 voted against, 38 abstained’

SYNONYMS
not vote, decline to vote, refuse to vote
informal sit on the fence
ANTONYMS

vote