Synonyms of argument in English:

argument


See definition of argument

noun

1‘he had a long argument with Tony’

SYNONYMS
quarrel, disagreement, squabble, fight, difference of opinion, dispute, wrangle, clash, altercation, feud, dissension, war of words, contretemps, exchange of views
debate, discussion, discourse, disputation, controversy
informal tiff, barney, set-to, dust-up, bust-up, shouting match, slanging match, spat, ding-dong, falling-out
British informal row
British informal afters
Scottish informal rammy

2‘his arguments for the existence of God’

SYNONYMS
reasoning, line of reasoning, logic, case
defence, justification, vindication, apology, explanation, rationalization
evidence, reasons, grounds
argumentation, polemic
assertion, declaration, claim, plea, contention, expostulation, demonstration

3‘the argument of the book’

SYNONYMS
theme, topic, subject matter
gist, outline, summary, synopsis, abstract, precis
plot, storyline