Synonyms of depression in English:

depression


See US English definition of depression

See UK English definition of depression

See Spanish definition of depresión

noun

1‘she ate to ease her depression’

SYNONYMS
melancholy, misery, sadness, unhappiness, sorrow, woe, gloom, gloominess, dejection, downheartedness, despondency, dispiritedness, low spirits, heavy-heartedness, moroseness, discouragement, despair, desolation, dolefulness, moodiness, pessimism, hopelessness
the slough of despond
upset, tearfulness
informal the dumps, the doldrums, the blues, one's black dog, a low
North American informal the blahs, a funk, a blue funk
informal, dated the mopes
technical clinical depression, endogenous depression, reactive depression, postnatal depression, dysthymia, melancholia
literary dolour
archaic the megrims
rare mopery, disconsolateness, disconsolation
ANTONYMS

cheerfulness

2‘the country was in the grip of an economic depression’

SYNONYMS
recession, slump, decline, downturn, slowdown, standstill
paralysis, inactivity, stagnation, credit crunch, credit squeeze
hard times, bad times
technical stagflation
ANTONYMS

boom

3‘the car slid into a depression in the ground’

SYNONYMS
hollow, indentation, dent, dint, cavity, concavity, dip, pit, hole, pothole, sink, sinkhole, excavation, trough, crater
valley, basin, bowl
Anatomy fossa, lacuna
ANTONYMS

protuberance